LIN 204H1S ENGLISHGRAMMAR
March 14, 2012: Clause Type: Affirmative vs. Negation
A. Verb Negation (f) I+Ji
What are the rules for negating verbs?
I can come. I will be eating.
ty&D I? .
The apples have been picked. She is cooking.
I washed the clothes. I do the dishes every night.
He is a good cook. She has a pen.
~ .- slt.P-
2. Contractions: How are contractions formed in the f?llowillg SEtllte,nCes?
'rf I/I,V~, ,
The letter has not arrived.
9 .. '
The secretary could notreach the client.
The door must not be opened.
Nancy is not coming to the party.
What is irregular about the contraction in the following sentence?
The classwill not meet this afternoon.
X / -'/
~w ,e contractions formed in the following sentences:
I am not allowed to smoke. We are not allowed to smoke.
,You are not allowed to smoke. They are not allpwed to smoke.
He is not allowed to smoke.
I have not read the paper. She has not rectd the paper.
3. N~ative yes-no questions with and without contractions - what are the rules?
Craigis coming for dinner. Joan has finished her paper .
Peter paid the bill. Lina's waiting outside.
t. ~ \
4. How do you make negative commands?
"'"j"') •• "
, Shut the door! Stop running!
"von--1- - - ,
5. How were verbs negated in Shakespeare's time? (Julius Caesar)
I know not what you mean by that.
Knew you not Pompey?
Pearhim not, Caesar.
B. Negation of Indefinite Pronouns, Adverbs
Indefinite pronouns (p.98):
anywhere/time, somewhere/time, ever
M, ake "t,he following statements negative: . "
I need something: She went somewhere.
I-' , • , -'.
They went sometime. He saw someone.
Ai iJ\;i ;. el
~can use a negative indefinite
nothing, nowhere, never, no one
or negate the verb and use indefinite with
affirmative negative indefinite
Make the above statements into yes-no questions.