LIN228H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Cardinal Vowels, Quadrilateral, Vowel Length

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29 Oct 2016
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Phonetics Chapter 9
Vowels
There are 3 dimensions traditionally:
Height
o High, low, mid, depending on the highest point of the tongue
Backness
o Front, back, central, depending on the highest point of the tongue
Rounding
o The shape of the lips
o High vowels generally more rounded than lower ones
Cardinal vowels
Vowel quadrilateral divides vowels equally between high and low
Represents the entire space where a vowel can be made
Cardinal vowels are produced at the extreme periphery of the vowel space and are
equidistant from each other
Primary cardinal vowels are all unrounded, with the exception [], which is unrounded,
and [], which is rounded
Rounding typically lowers the frequency of both F1 and F2
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