LIN228H1 Lecture Notes - Articulatory Phonetics, Acoustic Phonetics, Auditory Phonetics

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14 Nov 2012
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LIN228H1F 2012 – Week 1 Kochetov-1
Introduction to Phonetics
1. Branches of Phonetics
Phonetics is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of speech. Phonetics itself
can be divided into different branches, each of which has its own area of study.
transcription: how speech sounds can be written down
articulatory phonetics: how sounds are produced
acoustic phonetics: the physical properties of sound waves produced in speech
auditory phonetics: how sounds are heard and perceived
2. Vocal anatomy
Primary vocal organs:
Lungs (source of moving air)
Trachea (connection between the lungs and the vocal tract)
Larynx (sound source) – the larynx (sometimes called the voicebox) contains the
Adam’s apple and the vocal folds. The opening between the vocal folds is known
as the glottis
Vocal tract (sound filters) – pharynx, oral cavity, tongue, velum (soft palate), and
nasal cavity
The supralaryngeal vocal tract:
from Language
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Edition, p. 40
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