Notes taken during lecture
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LECTURE – Feb. 9/2011
Palatalization and affrication – how different?
-Different processes but overlap
-Affrication occurs when targets stops (coronal)
oTriggers: high vowels, glides
oTargets: consonants of all manners and places
Most common are velars, k and g
oTriggers: front vowels and glides
oApplied to stop – produces affricate
Where the two processes overlap
-Page 117 – t, l -> t, j with s superscript afterwards / _w
[m], for instance…
- not exactly the same in all languages
Same phoneme, but not same phonetic property that another language has…not
necessarily, at least
-Subtle phonetic differences not relevant to phonology
-Only if phonetic differences show contrast – then relevant to phonology
In Kimatuumbi, tense and lax [i] is contrastive; same for English
-HOWEVER, never consider the contrast or lack thereof between lax English
[i]and lax Kimatuumbi [i]
oThis contrast does not exist
-Phonetically – written differently
oThese fine differences do not matter in phonology
Phonology – about observation AND Prediction
-Why does these sounds (instead of something else) exist?
oWhy can’t get these sounds? These sound combinations?
Rules should seem natural…
-Need to account for rule with a category, or a natural class, etc.
Phonology picks small group of features to define segments…
-These are DISTINCTIVE features
WE WILL USE ODDEN’s FEATURES
-Three major features: syllabic, sonorant, consonantal
oFirst cut in any entry – between vowels and consonants
-Glottal stops ARE SONORANT and MINUS CONSONANTAL
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