Notes taken during lecture

34 views3 pages
9 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
LECTURE Feb. 9/2011
Palatalization and affrication how different?
-Different processes but overlap
-Affrication occurs when targets stops (coronal)
oTriggers: high vowels, glides
-Palatalization
oTargets: consonants of all manners and places
Most common are velars, k and g
oTriggers: front vowels and glides
oApplied to stop produces affricate
Where the two processes overlap
-Page 117 t, l -> t, j with s superscript afterwards / _w
oCalled affrication
Lecture material
[m], for instance
- not exactly the same in all languages
Same phoneme, but not same phonetic property that another language has…not
necessarily, at least
-Subtle phonetic differences not relevant to phonology
-Only if phonetic differences show contrast then relevant to phonology
In Kimatuumbi, tense and lax [i] is contrastive; same for English
-HOWEVER, never consider the contrast or lack thereof between lax English
[i]and lax Kimatuumbi [i]
oThis contrast does not exist
-Phonetically written differently
oThese fine differences do not matter in phonology
Phonology about observation AND Prediction
-Why does these sounds (instead of something else) exist?
oWhy cant get these sounds? These sound combinations?
Rules should seem natural
-Need to account for rule with a category, or a natural class, etc.
Phonology picks small group of features to define segments…
-These are DISTINCTIVE features
WE WILL USE ODDENs FEATURES
-Three major features: syllabic, sonorant, consonantal
oFirst cut in any entry between vowels and consonants
-Glottal stops ARE SONORANT and MINUS CONSONANTAL
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Affrication occurs when targets stops (coronal: triggers: high vowels, glides. Palatalization: targets: consonants of all manners and places.  most common are velars, k and g: triggers: front vowels and glides, applied to stop produces affricate. Page 117 t, l -> t, j with s superscript afterwards / _w: called affrication. Not exactly the same in all languages. Same phoneme, but not same phonetic property that another language has not necessarily, at least. Subtle phonetic differences not relevant to phonology. Only if phonetic differences show contrast then relevant to phonology. In kimatuumbi, tense and lax [i] is contrastive; same for english. However, never consider the contrast or lack thereof between lax english. [i]and lax kimatuumbi [i: this contrast does not exist. Phonetically written differently: these fine differences do not matter in phonology. Need to account for rule with a category, or a natural class, etc. Phonology picks small group of features to define segments .

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes