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Lecture

Notes taken during lecture

3 Pages
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Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN229H1
Professor
Rohany- Rahbar

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LECTURE 08 March 16, 2011
STRESS AND RHYTHM
To clarify
-Do not need parenthesis in the syllable template
-Helpful versus helpless
oHelp.ful
oHel.pless due to maximal onset principle
oThis is controversial consider word boundary, morpheme boundary, etc.
-[akt]
o[kt] okay even though the two are both 1, so have plateau instead of
decreasing
oNot ideal case but because there is no rising after t, considered okay
-Diphthongs ****************
oPhonemic => consider glide as V
Like aa or oo long vowels
oNon-phonemic => consider glide as C
Much stuff in chapters that will not be discussed in lecture
-Extra stuff not in lecture DO NOT STUDY
Many languages have word stress system
- Majority of languages share this
-There is one particular syllable in word that gets stress
-Other languages have overall rhythm
Metrical
-For this course, ignore the phonetic aspects
-Put marks before onset for the vertical line symbols
Fixed stress system
-Stress is easily communicated via rule
-Position of stress is fixed always the first syllable, for instance
Free stress system
-Either determined by morphology or type of suffix or lexically assigned (to be
memorized)
-Ex. Russian
oHas both types of freedom
Lexically assigned
To be memorized no cue
Paradigmatic assigned
Morphology
-No rule that can be applied default
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Description
LECTURE 08 March 16, 2011 STRESS AND RHYTHM To clarify - Do not need parenthesis in the syllable template - Helpful versus helpless o Help.ful o Hel.pless due to maximal onset principle o This is controversial consider word boundary, morpheme boundary, etc. - [akt] o [kt] okay even though the two are both 1, so have plateau instead of decreasing o Not ideal casebut because there is no rising after t, considered okay - Diphthongs **************** o Phonemic => consider glide as V Like aa or oo long vowels o Non-phonemic => consider glide as C Much stuff in chapters that will not be discussed in lecture - Extra stuff not in lecture DO NOT STUDY Many languages have word stress system - Majority
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