Notes taken during lecture

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16 Mar 2011
School
Department
Course
LECTURE 08 March 16, 2011
STRESS AND RHYTHM
To clarify
-Do not need parenthesis in the syllable template
-Helpful versus helpless
oHelp.ful
oHel.pless due to maximal onset principle
oThis is controversial consider word boundary, morpheme boundary, etc.
-[akt]
o[kt] okay even though the two are both 1, so have plateau instead of
decreasing
oNot ideal case but because there is no rising after t, considered okay
-Diphthongs ****************
oPhonemic => consider glide as V
Like aa or oo long vowels
oNon-phonemic => consider glide as C
Much stuff in chapters that will not be discussed in lecture
-Extra stuff not in lecture DO NOT STUDY
Many languages have word stress system
- Majority of languages share this
-There is one particular syllable in word that gets stress
-Other languages have overall rhythm
Metrical
-For this course, ignore the phonetic aspects
-Put marks before onset for the vertical line symbols
Fixed stress system
-Stress is easily communicated via rule
-Position of stress is fixed always the first syllable, for instance
Free stress system
-Either determined by morphology or type of suffix or lexically assigned (to be
memorized)
-Ex. Russian
oHas both types of freedom
Lexically assigned
To be memorized no cue
Paradigmatic assigned
Morphology
-No rule that can be applied default
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Document Summary

Do not need parenthesis in the syllable template. Helpful versus helpless: help. ful, hel. pless due to maximal onset principle, this is controversial consider word boundary, morpheme boundary, etc. [akt: [kt] okay even though the two are both 1, so have plateau instead of decreasing, not ideal case but because there is no rising after t, considered okay. Diphthongs ***************: phonemic => consider glide as v. Like aa or oo long vowels: non-phonemic => consider glide as c. Much stuff in chapters that will not be discussed in lecture. Extra stuff not in lecture do not study. There is one particular syllable in word that gets stress. Put marks before onset for the vertical line symbols. Position of stress is fixed always the first syllable, for instance. Either determined by morphology or type of suffix or lexically assigned (to be memorized) Russian : has both types of freedom. Lexically assigned: to be memorized no cue.

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