Class Notes (1,200,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSG (50,000)

Notes taken during lecture

Course Code
Rohany- Rahbar

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LECTURE 10 March, 30 2011
Phonological typology and naturalness
1. Inventory
a.Some segments more common than others
-Can determine a typology of the language, to see what is natural and what is not
-Some segments very common across languages
oOther segments much rarer
oMARKEDNESS: pattern or segment is very common, then UNMARKED
CV is unmarked
CCCCCVVCC is marked = uncommon, unnatural, rare
Not a either or choice but a SCALE
-Implicational relation
oWith have oral vowels, not sure if nasal vowels are there or not
oWith nasal vowels, KNOW that oral vowels also in inventory
-Languages have secondary articulation
oRounding most common; then palatalization
-Stops found in all language
-Fricatives also there, but can be absent in some Australian languages
-[i u a] are more marked than [I e a o u]
-Look at typology
-In Turkish, has backness and roundness harmony simultaneously
oNo lowering so height stays constant
oAssimilation occurs across consonants, but not across vowels
-In Kuria,
oPrefixes do not change height
Then when see variance in high and mid, assume mid underlying
oComplete assimilation
oLength belongs to suprasegmental level
oSee complete assimilation
Voicing v. common across languages
-In environment of voiced consonant or nasal, get voiced
Post-nasal hardening is the opposite of lenition
-Very common
Palatalization and affrication
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