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23 Dec 2010
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Lecture 9 – Wh-movement – November 17, 2010
5 – agent theta role may be reintroduced in passives by aby” phrase
6 – John has moved from inside VP to subject position to get case
- In second sentence, do-support added; Wh-word has moved to front of the clause
7 wh-word found in D-structure in place where object would be in the cor responding declarative sentence
-John moves up to get case
-THIS is the D-structure for What did John eat?
8 – Subjects move into a case position; VP to TP specifier movement
-Nothing i n T: do-support t hen do moves from T to C
-Wh-word moves into specifier of CP
-*******CASE related to position; agent theta role related to verb ********
-Echo-questions: John ate what?
oWh-word unchanged
9 – Who is NOM; Whom is ACC form – t his is used in more formal registers in English
-Can sometimes move more than a DP – THEREFORE WH-movement is phrasal***
oPhrasal movement moves from complement or specifier position to a specifier position
10 – overt complemetizera” in wh-questions
-Whereas in English, no complementizers in wh-questi ons , other than the wh-word
12- in Ir ish, must pick which complementizer to use
- In English, T to C movement because phonologically null
13 – IN PASSIVES – t heme theta role – by f lipping it back into the cor responding declarative sentence
-What case does it get? NOM – because it moved into t he position where it got case
14 – steps: DP moves to TP specifier, then to CP specifier – case can be assigned because T is non-finite
-T to C is a vacuous movement – there is no overt evidence for thi s movement because the S-structure either
way is identical
17 – what is odd about the second sentence?
-Lack of do-support
- Inversion and Wh-movement t hen if T is vacant, do-support t han T to C movement – t his is the typical stuff
- In this sentence, can’t tell if wh-movement occurred
19 – wh-word moves but the tense lowers onto V
This is exceptional in that we don’t get do- support
21- wh-movement across clauses
Here, the wh-word moves to front of higher clause, not just the front of the clause containing it
22 – both embedded and matrix clauses, Mary and John as agents, specifier position of getting theta roles
John moves to spec of finite TP and so so for Mary; inversion; wh- word moves in T WO steps
25 – constraints on wh-movement exist
26 – cannot take wh-word contained in DP, etc. out of its DP – so can move within t he DP, etc. but cannot leave it
27 – wh-islands
-Can only move one wh-word out of a clause
29 this constraint does not apply to adjuncts
-You cannot take one of two or more conjuncts and replace it with a wh-word
**The whole island can be moved (for instanc e the entire coordination phrase””)
30 – must go to closest X if youre an X; must match/correspond
34 – so how cannot move to the highest CP
HMWK: 1e, 1q, 5, challenge 4 (max 100 words)
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