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Review: linguistics is the scientific study of language, phonetics examination of the inventory and structure of speech sounds (articulation, acoustics, perception, vocal organs, segmentation of speech. Three classes: consonants, vowels, glides: description of consonants. Videos and websites: video of vocal folds vibration: http://www. ladefogeds. com/vowels/chapter2/vibrating. %20exercises/moviepage. htm: ipa trainer: http://www. ipatrainer. com/user/site, peter ladefged"s homepage: http://phonetics. ucla. edu/course/chapter1/flash. html, saggital sections (to play around) http://www. chass. utoronto. ca/~danhall/phonetics/ sammy. html. Groups of sounds: labial, coronal, dorsal, sibilants/stridents: noisier fricatives and affricates [s, z, , continuants: fricatives, vowels, glides t in atomic and atom. This sound is called flap (voiced) pill and spill. No pill - an [h]-like sound after the release of [p] spill no such sound after the release of [p] Time lag between the release of the stop closure and the starting of vocal folds vibration. Aspirated unaspirated pill [pl] spill [spl] till [tl] still [st l ] kill [kl] skill [sk l ] The front and back of the tongue. Vowel height: raising/lowering of the tongue body.

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