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Lecture

Phonetics III

7 pages70 viewsFall 2009

Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN100Y1
Professor
K.Kyumin

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9/30/09
1
Announcements
Next week (week of Oct. 12)
LIN100 does not meet: No lecture (Oct. 12), no
tutorials (Oct. 12, 13, 15) and no help labs (Oct.
12, 14). Classes/labs resume on Oct. 19.
Quiz 1
Date, location: In tutorial (Oct. 22, 26 or 27)
Duration: 20 minutes
Content: Phonetics
No aids allowed.
Lecture 4 Phonetics III
Todays goal
- Segmental processes
- Suprasegmentals
- Bridge to phonology
One note about the distribution
of lax vowels
Lax vowels not occurring at the end of words
(or more accurately at the end of syllables)
holds in English, but may not in other
languages.
Review
Consonants
Vowels
Glides
Articulation adjustment in speech
Speech – a sequence of segments
Articulation of one segment influences that of
another
- Coarticulation
- Processes
Coarticulation - overlapping
Anticipating the following segment, the gestures
of two segments may overlap for a moment
apt
[p] ---------> [pt] ----------> [t]
9/30/09
2
Processes
Articulatory adjustment during speech, changing
the nature of the individual segment
Purposes
- Ease of articulation
- Ease of perception
Processes
- Assimilation
- Dissimilation
- Deletion
- Epenthesis
- Metathesis
- Reduction
Assimilation
One sound becomes more like another, taking on
a feature of the other w.r.t. its phonetic
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characteristics (e.g., place, manner, voicing)
Directionality
- Regressive assimilation x y
- Progressive assimilation x y
Regressive assimilation
cant
Regressive assimilation
cant
nasalization
[kænt]
Regressive assimilation
In Paris, in town
inconsiderate, comfortable
Place of articulation?
[m pærs] [n tawn]
[ŋk nsdrt] [kftbl  ]
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3
Regressive assimilation
of course
voiceless
devoicing
[әf kors]
Progressive assimilation
clay, cry, queen
Voiceless
devoicing
[k)ej] [k*aj] [kwin]
Dissimilation
Two sounds become less alike in terms of
articulation or acoustics
Dissimilation
Two sounds become less alike in terms of
articulation or acoustics
fifths [ffs] [ffts]
Rarer than assimilation
prince, warmth, tenth
Something inserted between the nasal and the
fricative?
prince, warmth, tenth
[prnts] [wormp] [tent] 
epenthesis/insertion
9/30/09
4
[n] [t] [s]
suppose, potato
With a vowel?
[sәpowz] [pәtejtow]
suppose, potato
Without a vowel?
[spowz] [ptejtow]
vowel deleted
Deletion
prescribe, prescription
[prskrajb] [prskrp n]-
.. . .pronounced as:-
[prskrajb][prskrip n]-
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