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Lecture

Meter


Department
Music
Course Code
MUS111H1
Professor
Joshua Pilzer

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MUS110H1 Lecture 2 Meter 10-12-07 2:06 AM
Thursday, September 30, 2010
Pulsatile a recognizable beat (i.e. your pulse)
Non- pulsatile no perceptible, equally measurable beat
Pulse has an equally recurrent stress
Meter has a stress on a certain note
Polymeter more than one meter at a time
Attitude meter irregular
Melody
A series of tones or pitches arranged in succession [to form a
recognizable or perceived unity]
What do we look and listen for in a melody?
o range and length of the melody
o conjunct or disjunct motion
o contour and overall shape of the melody
o regular and recurrent patterns or motives
o structural emphasis
o the relationship of melody to rhythm/metre
o harmonic implications through arpeggiation or chromatic
movement
Countess of Dia, “I Must Sing” (ca. 1175)
o conjunct
o narrow range
o almost no accidentals
Henry Percell, Dido and Aeneas (1689), Recitative “Thy hand,
Belinda!
o melodic shape (gradual, descending melody)
o very conjunct
o harmonic implications
Robert Schumann, Scenes from Childhood (1838)
o Big range
o Disjunct
o Variety, with consistency (in terms of its decline)
www.notesolution.com

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Medieval
i.e. Countess of Dia, I Must Sing (ca. 1175)
o predominantly conjunct motion
o narrow range, staying within the octave
o almost total absence of added accidentals
Rennaissance
i.e. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Sanctus of the Mass: Eternal
Gifts of Christ (1590)
o mostly conjunct motion
o narrow range
o similar qualities to medieval music (however the melodies are
metric, rhythmic and you hear more than one melody at a
time)
o fairly consistent
o measured music, but no stress added to it
Baroque
A) idiomatic instrumental writing
o Idiomatic written for a specific instrument
o i.e. J.S. Bach, “Prelude”, suite No. 6 in D major for Cello (ca.
1720)
! very wide range
! very complex
! sometimes very arpeggiated and sometimes very
conjunct
! very metric
o i.e. Antonio Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in E Major, “The Spring”,
First movement (early 1700s)
! disjunct
B) idiomatic vocal writing
o Recitative writing (spoken speech)
o i.e. Claudio Monteverdi, LOrfeo, Act II, Recitative and Arioso
(1607)
www.notesolution.com
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