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Lecture

Timbre

4 Pages
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Department
Music
Course Code
MUS111H1
Professor
Joshua Pilzer

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MUS110H1 Lecture 3 Timbre 10-12-07 2:07 AM
Thursday, October 7, 2010
timbre/tone colour
timbre = tone colour = the “sound of the sound”
i.e. bright/dark, cool/warm, smooth/raspy, thin/rich, clear/muddy,
lean/dirty
Historical Different of Timbral Preference
Homogenous instruments of similar types
o i.e. Perontinus, Viderunt Omnes (ca. 1200)
! four voices
! over tones
! come in at different times
! very similar, all singing in the same ranger
! overlapping
! all have the same similar tone colour
o Giovanni Gabrieli, Canzona Duodecimi Toni (1597)
! all brass instruments
o i.e. W.A. Mozart, Eine Kleine Nachtmusic (A Little Night
Music), Movt 1 (1787)
! all bowed string instruments
! a lot of instruments were playing the same thing (the
sound changes once things are slightly off) you can
hear this because of the timbre
" by doing this the sound becomes much richer
Heterogeneous instruments of different types
o i.e. J.S. Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, first
movement (ca. 1720) (idea for assignment)
! 3 soloists (violin, harpsichord, recorder)
! warm
Combinations of Homogeneous and Heterogeneous
o i.e. Charles Ives, “The Unanswered Question(1906)
! strings very homogeneous
" richer, warm overtones
! trumpet darkened sound
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Description
MUS110H1 Lecture 3 Timbre 10-12-07 2:07 AM Thursday, October 7, 2010 timbretone colour timbre = tone colour = the sound of the sound i.e. brightdark, coolwarm, smoothraspy, thinrich, clearmuddy, leandirty Historical Different of Timbral Preference Homogenous instruments of similar types o i.e. Perontinus, Viderunt Omnes (ca. 1200) four voices over tones come in at different times very similar, all singing in the same ranger overlapping all have the same similar tone colour o Giovanni Gabrieli, Canzona Duodecimi Toni (1597) all brass instruments o i.e. W.A. Mozart, Eine Kleine Nachtmusic (A Little Night Music), Movt 1 (1787) all bowed string instruments a lot of instruments were playing the same thing (the sound changes once things are slightly off) you can hear this because of the timbre by doing this the sound becomes much richer Heterogeneous instruments of different types o i.e. J.S. Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, first movement (ca. 1720) (idea for assignment) 3 soloists (violin, harpsichord, recorder) warm Combinations of Homogeneous and Heterogeneous o i.e. Charles Ives, The Unanswered Question (1906) strings very homogeneous richer, warm overtones trumpet darkened sound www.notesolution.com
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