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psalms to the ten-stringed lute. Sing to him a new song; strike up
with all our art and shout in triumph.(Ps. 33)
Music & Religion
Venantius Fortunatus (c. 530 609): “Pange Lingua(hymn)
o Hymn: strophic piece of poetry with several verses, set to the
same music
! All text was sung because speaking was what you did
outside of the Church in ones secular life
! Same 5 components you will hear every time you go to
a Catholic mass, every week and every century (Kyrie,
Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei)
" the music changes, but the text stays the same
Josquin Desprez: “Kyrie”, Missa Pange Lingua (c. 1510)
o Same as above but an enhancement
J.S. Bach: St. Matthew Passion (1727), Chorus
Franz Joseph Haydn: The Creation (Die Schopfung) (1798)
o apart from the Church
o “commercialized” having one pay to listen to it rather than
hearing it in weekly mass
Charles Ives, The Unanswered Question (1906)
o symbollic
o Since the existential question (why do we exist) never
changes, the trumpet never changes
o String players on stage, as well as ensemble of flutes (non-
believers) are on stage
! Their sound changes as they try to answer the question
(become more harsh)
o Trumpet is played off to the side
o Not Christian music but deals with a Christian concept
Music & Politics
Church becomes institutionalized and also becomes a corporation
(becomes involved in politics, has tremendous wealth, persuasion
behind it, etc.)
Bono enters politics because of his celebrity status
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Document Summary

Sing to him a new song; strike up with all our art and shout in triumph. (ps. Music & religion: venantius fortunatus (c. 530 609): pange lingua (hymn, hymn: strophic piece of poetry with several verses, set to the same music.  all text was sung because speaking was what you did outside of the church in one"s secular life.  same 5 components you will hear every time you go to a catholic mass, every week and every century (kyrie, Gloria, credo, sanctus, agnus dei) the music changes, but the text stays the same: josquin desprez: kyrie , missa pange lingua (c. 1510, same as above but an enhancement, j. s.  their sound changes as they try to answer the question (become more harsh: trumpet is played off to the side, not christian music but deals with a christian concept.

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