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Lecture

Politics


Department
Music
Course Code
MUS111H1
Professor
Joshua Pilzer

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MUS110H1 Lecture 9 Politics 10-12-07 2:11 AM
Thursday, November 25, 2010
Music & Politics Cont’d
20th Century
Nazi Germany (right-winged)
o Stock market crashed caused the Germans to blame someone
o Hitlers party came into power
! Richard Strauss (1864-194) Die schweigsame Frau
(1935)
" Composed opera
" Worked with a librettist (makes the text)
" Once his died he worked with a Jewish one
" 1934 (eve of performance) this opera was banned
nothing about this opera was political (only
the fact that it was associated with a Jewish
librettist)
! Paul Hindemith (1895 1963), Mathis der Maler (1935)
" different music, disorganized, did not represent
the people
" “elitists music”
Soviet union
o After the revolution, anybody with money and nobility were at
risk so left
o Art had to appeal to the working class (everything dealt with
industry)
o Two committees were developed to assess music and to
assess art (music that reflected people was good, anything
else was formalist (abstract)persecuted for this
! Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-75), Lady Macbeth (1936)
" Stayed in the Soviet Union
" Composed quartets, piano music, symphonies
" Always on the borderline of formalist and a good
Soviet composer
" Stalin was at his Lady Macbeth performance
He left the performance before it was over
www.notesolution.com

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Because of this, the paper called it chaos
instead of music
o It was seen as negative and did no
good for society
o Seen as deliberately dissonant and
unacceptable
Economics & The Role of the Musician in Society
Music & Patronage
Many early professional musicians were dependent of the Church of
the Court for the livelihoods
Troubadours, Trouvères: Lyric poets or poet-musicians of France in
the 12TH and 13th centuries. Poets working the south of France,
writing in Provençal, are generally troubadours; those of the north,
writing in French, are called trouvères.
o i.e. Adam de la Halle (1237 1288), Jeu de Robin et de
Marion
Jongleur: A medieval entertainer, sometimes a minstrel. The term
covers a range of entertainers and story-tellers
Castrato: A male singer who has been castrated before puberty to
preserve the soprano or contralto range of his voice; supported by
a mans lungs, the voice was powerful, agile and penetrating
o Farinelli (Carlo Broschi) (1705-82)
o i.e. Johann Adolf Hasse (1699-1783), “Se Mai Piu Saro
Geloso”, Cleofide (1731)
o i.e. Bach-Gounod, Ave Maria, performed by Alessandro
Moreschi (recorded 1903)
o i.e. J.S. Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 6, Third Movement
(1721)
Baryton: A string instrument related to the viola da gamba. It has 6
to 7 strings which are bowed, and between 9 and 22 metal
resonance strings which can also be plucked by the thumb of the
left hand.
o Nikolaus Joseph, Prince Esterházy of Galantha (1714-90)
www.notesolution.com
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