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Lecture 10

Lecture 10.pdf

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Prof.William Bowen

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LECTURE 10 PERSPECTIVE #3 - Music and Society Why do we talk abt historical periods in music - what you understand abt a certain period can bring info and awareness to the music u hear - few musical examples (ie manuscripts) before 450 Medieval - ppl didnʼt stop writing medieval music in 1450 and start renaissance, theyʼre fluid boundaries that are broad - time periods do take into acct war, political shifts etc Listening Exercise 1: selected Kyries through time GENRE - sacred vocal music, christian church;mass - venue - greek text (transliterated) and form of the text - kyrie eleison (lord have mercy) - christe eleison (christ have mercy) - kyrie eleison - role of the text/music - social impetus 1. Medieval - plain chant - chant, single voice, monophony, has rhythm but irregular, melody rises and falls, lack of direction, has structure, texture is one voice - MUSICAL ELEMENTS - TIME - SPACE - FORM - texture is one voice - INSTRUMENTS - all voices - only a min long 2. Medieval - Machaut - 14th C - - lasts longer abt 5 min - MUSICAL ELEMENTS - TIME - SPACE - FORM - texture=many voices singing, back to chant, then many voices singing, POLYPHONY, sounds thick in texture, differentiate texture by having higher voices move quicker than lower voices, DENSE TEXTURE (bc voices overlap, donʼt know the top voice, higher voices overlap and lower voices overlap), some voices moving faster than other - resulting harmonies of voices coming together, rigid harmonies that are harder - INSTRUMENTS - voices 3. Renaissance - Palestrina - 16th C ca1560 - had higher voices, boys singing - ranges expanded in the Renaissance - voices moving in distinct ranges - whole thing is more transparent (compared to medieval) - know the rises and falls - harmonies are more sweet to our ears (than dry open harmonies of medieval middle ages) - 4. Baroque - Bach - 18th C 1749 - full range of instruments that play with voices - instruments by themselves w/ vocal following = provides texture in piece - much larger piece, lutheran church services were 3-4 hrs long - emphasis on POLYPHONY, imitate each other - FUGUE - each imitates the o
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