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University of Toronto St. George
Joshua Pilzer

MUS110H1 Lecture 5 Form I 10-12-07 2:08 AM Thursday, October 28, 2010 Form I - musical structure - the shape of a musical composition as defined by all of its pitches, rhythms, dynamics, and timbres dynamics loud, soft, gentle - the structure, shape or organizing principle of music - has to do with the arrangement of elements in a piece of music to make it coherent to the listener - the word form is generally used in reference to a structural plan on of a composition or a movement of a composition Variation Forms Variations on a theme the presentation of a melodic idea, composer takes the melody and writes a series of variations with it o melodic o i.e. Nicolo Paganini: Caprice 24 from 24 Caprices (c. 1830) plays 8 bar theme, then plays 8 bar variation, then another 8 bar variation, then another 8 bar variation, etc. final two variations are so elaborate and amazing (climax), it would be stupid to create more variations to follow, therefore they are the end variations create a build up to climax then end variations on a recurring harmonic pattern o chord pattern in each variation will be exactly same o not tied to melody, but tied to harmony o harmonic o i.e. Johann Sebastian Bach: Chaconne from Partita in D minor for Solo Violin (c. 1730) 32 variations chaconne - a piece that is derived entirely from variations on a harmonic beat in order to end the piece it requires a more technical buildup (climax then end)
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