Rhythm and Metre
September 20, 2012
o the organization of events in time
o the grouping of musical sounds, principally by means of duration and stress
What do we listen for?
o Levels of rhythmic activity – high or low?
o Layers of rhythmic activity – how many?
o Recurrent patterns?
o One layer of rhythmic activity
o No strong accents
Hoquet or Hocket – a stylistic device characterized by the distribution of the
melodic line between 2 voices in such a way that as one sounds, the other is silent.
o Rhythmically only moderately active
o Longer notes followed by short
o Rarely have sudden changes in levels of rhythmic activity
o Rhythmic activity is mostly similar in each part
Recitative: style of text setting that imitates and emphasizes natural inflections, rhythms,
and syntax of speech
Became popular in the baroque era
o Use of motifs (short rhythmic, melodic, harmonic idea or combination of all 3)
Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor
o Using all rhythmic tools for personal style
Bedrich Smetana, The Moldau