Class Notes (837,548)
Canada (510,312)
Music (217)
MUS200H1 (23)
Lecture 1

MUS200H1 Lecture 1: Ethnomusicology
Premium

4 Pages
43 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Music
Course
MUS200H1
Professor
James Kippen
Semester
Winter

Description
MUS200 – Week 1 Ethnomusicology • Study of music in/as culture • Study music as a thing and as a process • What do ethnomusicologists do? o Fieldwork –research methodology ▪ cultural experience from insider perspective ▪ participant-observation, interviews, deep hanging-out ▪ traditionally a long-term research methodology • you go and learn about people you’re interested about for several years to do research ▪ become a part of the culture being studied o Ethnography ▪ a book, that not only describe your experiences among those people but why those experiences were meaningful in terms of practices o Avoid ethnocentricism—privileging your own cultural awareness and experience as correct when studying a musical practice that is different to yours ▪ having an open mind of what you’re looking at o Music is an important aspect of how we define our humanity. Thus, ethnomusicologists study music in all of its diversity ▪ looking at ourselves as musicians and looking at practices from western, modern society o Self-reflexive thinking ▪ What are the researcher’s biases? ▪ What does the researcher bring to the people they research? ▪ Research as an interactive process o Understand how the researcher impacts the research by bringing a unique perspective o Ethnomusicologists define the ‘field’ and parameters of their study, but the people they research need to accept them and help guide research ▪ Interlocutors, informants, teachers, friends, etc. ▪ somebody who is recognizing that they have to learn • Inaccurate Stereotypes o music is the universal language ▪ it’s limiting what you observe and engage ▪ never write this o study of world music ▪ a discipline that looks at a wide variety of musical practices o study of music of non-western cultures • Solutions o “get out of our cultural skins” ▪ find things that break up your assumptions of the world o understand different music of the world on their own terms ▪ cultural context, why it’s important o Everyone has different ideas about what music is. This understand is influenced by culture and taste o We want to understand what music does and why it is a meaningful process for people Sound and Music • Sound, Music, Noise, Silence o Purpose: Think about these terms, destabilize notions, be self-reflexive about your musicality o Defining music ▪ John Blacking –“humanly organized sound” [a professor, known as 4 fathers of ethnomusicology] • music needs to be flexible • Is something that is purposeful, put together in a specific order because it was meant to be used as entertainment, purpose o Music must be defined within a spectrum of sound, noise, and silence. The following examples will help to illustrate this spectrum o Listening Example #1 ▪ “Postal Workers canceling stamps at the University of Ghana post office” ▪ Recorded in 1975 by ethnomusicologist Jim Koetting • he was at the university of Ghana and recorded at the postal office • Koetting’s understanding of music makes this example musical for us as listeners, not exactly the case for the workers • Work Song—function ranges from coordinating complex tasks to making boring and repetitive work more interesting • Humanly organized sound • Whistled melody—hymn tune [Ghanaian composer] ▪ Postal workers make drumming sounds as they cancel stamps and 2 workers whistle the tune of a hymn ▪ w
More Less

Related notes for MUS200H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit