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Lecture 4

MUS200H1 Lecture 4: Movement and Exchange

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University of Toronto St. George
James Kippen

MUS200—Lecture 4 Movement and Exchange • key questions when thinking about tourism: o How do people and music move in through the world? o What contexts facilitate this mobility and exchange? o How do we think about the direction of this exchange? o In what ways is music an important signifier of prace • Spheres of Interaction o How do we think about movement and exchange of music? Not only through tourism, but through longer history of travel and cultural exchange • 3 overlapping levels of musical interaction o subculture: includes local, personal, familial, occupational and community networks o Intercultural: subcultures influence each other through economic or commercial connections, or affinity o Supercultural: shaped by the power of the state and by the national and global economy o Many music traditions began locally, spread through intercultural exchange, and were then further transformed through the influence of the superculture • Some History th o Tourism or travel for pleasure is a recent phenomenon that began in the 19 century in the relatively industrialized countries th th o 17 , 18 centuries ▪ development of the “Grand Tour” –elite young men (statesmen, merchants, and scholars), from Britain ▪ involved travel in continental Europe in search of education and recreation ▪ Meant to ensure exposure to sites of antiquity th o 19 century—development of spas in Western Europe ▪ new phase in tourism, focus on physical/health benefits of escapism ▪ First open to elites and gradually extended to the working class o Gradually replaced by seaside resorts o Technological developments like railroads, cars and planes made travelling more affordable ▪ Became a reasonable pursuit of middle class o 20 century—post war era ▪ longer holidays to more distant places ▪ paid for vacation from work ▪ Backpacker tourism th • The end of the 20 century, tourism became the world’s largest industry • development of package tourism, travel agencies, theme park destinations (Disney World) • Led to more distinctive forms of tourism, including cultural tourism o expansion in numbers and diversity of museums and festivals • Music took on an increasingly central role in tourism o seen in the connection of specific sounds with specific places o expectation that musical or cultural performance will be a part of tourist’s experience o development of music tourism Music and Tourism • music plays a vital role in the culture of tourism • strong connections to place, thus music is used o to signify the destination in advertisements, escapism o sell the site to potential visitors o enhance a tourist’s stay o seen in the products that are sold • A few diverse contexts to consider o musical places: Nashville, Broadway o Festivals: Woodstock o Concerts of traditional music in “exotic” places
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