Class Notes (836,147)
Canada (509,656)
Music (217)
MUS321H1 (38)
Lecture 2

MUS321H1 Lecture 2: The Beatles in Liverpool and Hamburg

6 Pages
Unlock Document

James Kippen

MUS321-Week 2 Lecture 2 The Beatles • Got along because everyone was competitive, both had mother bond when their mothers died • Stuart Sutcliffe o Lennon’s friend from Art College o talented artist o played bass o stimulated Lennon’s intellectual/artist • Liverpool coffee houses o Casbah, 1959 o Jacaranda, 1960 ▪ re-opened now because it was popular based on The Beatles o Unaccomplished o No drummer • Drums and Hamburg o Williams offered stint in Hamburg, August to November 1960 o Reeperbahn: clubs, strip clubs, sex shops, brothels ▪ going over one month at a time to make money o Drummer? ▪ they had to find a drummer • Randolph Peter Best o Born November 24, 1941 o Good looking o main attraction for girls o personality: quiet, aloof, sullen o the drummer they found at the Casbah shop • First Hamburg Visit o long sets at Indra, Kaiserkeller o Decadent atmosphere , rowdy audiences, drugs, dismal living conditions o opportunity to learn large repertoire of US hits, showtunes, etc. to try out their own competitions ▪ copying all of this material and doing their set, but also doing their own competitions o Rehearsal, Hamburg 1960 ▪ Movin’ n’ Grovin’ (Eddy) • audiences were telling them to act out, make expressions ▪ Hello Little Girl (Lennon) ▪ They tended to cover other songs like how they were ▪ NB-Vocal harmonies? ▪ Influences? • The Look o developed electrifying stage act o hooked up with existentialist youth groups: art, literature o Astrid Kirchherr o New haircuts • Back to Liverpool o Ignominious end to Hamburg stint ▪ towards the end of the stint, it was discovered that they were playing at other clubs and the promoter didn’t want them to play for other competitors ▪ said Harrison was underage /17 o Top Ten Club/Tony Sheridan o H deported o McC and Best Arrested deported ▪ burn/fire • Stucliffe and Kirchherr o Stutcliffe opted to stay • The Cavern o “headquarters” o began to establish reputation as exciting new band o needed to refine the sound o bass player • Momentous decision? o McCartney opted to play the bass because no one else could o Harrison copied other guitar style o chose a violin bass o Why? ▪ it’s a light bass, promotes a lot of agility ▪ he was going to infuse that base as well ▪ melodically creative ▪ so this decision to put him on bass was a way to make him shine individually in this band • Back to Hamburg in 1961 o William sent them back after they had a bass player and sounded like a rock band o played at the top ten and star club o alternated sets with Tony Sheridan ▪ already a big star o while there with Tony, they made a copy of albums ▪ “My Bonnie”/ “When The Saints go marching in” ▪ these were rock and roll versions ▪ high energy rock and roll versions • In need of a manager? o Fell out with Williams o Brian Epstein (1934), ran family’s record shop: North End Music Store in Liverpool ▪ made a profitable business o Demand for “My Bonnie” ▪ he noticed a demand for it and didn’t even know who The Beatles were ▪ he managed to import from Germany the record “My Bonnie” and started selling it ▪ and then went over to the Cavern 1961 and listen to the Beatles ▪ they founded they were unprofessional ▪ uncouth ▪ ate/smoked on stage ▪ talked/joked/swore ▪ captivated by energy and sound in their music through their personalities ▪ attracted to Lennon o Taming of The Beatles ▪ Epstein promised tours, recording contrasts, more money but • no more jokes, swearing on stage • no eating, drinking • organized sets o not just randomly come up with an idea on the spot • limited time on stage • exchange leather for suits and ties o matching suits and ties • Really sell their souls to this success ▪ “Faustian” bargain? • Decca, Jan 1, 1962 o Decca studios, London o 60 minutes session, 15 songs ▪ Epstein chose songs that didn’t make them comfortable o goofy songs, wooden rhythms, tense performances—quote unlike their live shows ▪ so the goofy songs come off as lacking in energy o Own compositions? ▪ included their own as well ▪ McCartney is more tensed, the accompaniment is quite funny and doesn’t have swing – Til’ There Was You ▪ Their songs aren’t as danceable anymore, the arrangement is changed ▪ they’re much more accomplish in their instruments o What did Decca do? ▪ they thought about it and they didn’t want Be
More Less

Related notes for MUS321H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.