Lecture 15.pdf

3 Pages

Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course Code
M.A.Pouls- Wegner

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Lecture #15 October-31-12 1:58 PM Homework: Today's Topics: Important Points:  THE OLD KINGDOM (II) – THE STATE AND ITS ADMINISTRATION  Egyptian Women Lecture Topic: The Old Kingdom (II) - The State and its Administration During the lecture, take notes here. Insert a sub-page for each lecture topic.  OK External Affairs- (Trade and ) Agression ○ Some aggressive behaviour: ○ Towards end of Dyn. 5 --> Tomb scenes of conquered Asiatic cities ○ Pepi I (dyn. 6) attempts to extend Egyptian control there  --> Egyptian armies repeatedly fight "sand-dwellers". i.e. Bedouins ○ Always two sides to Egyptian policy  Foreigners are evil/ifet - political  Of course we have to trade - diplomatic ○ Libya  Small campaign against Libyan tribes as early as Snofru / early Dyn. 4 (c.2620BCE) □ --> trade routes south --> through Western Desert and oases --> secure free passage  400 years later, in Dyn 6 ○ Nubia  Egyptian campaigns in South □ As early as Snofru  Some 20000soldiers sent to Nubia  Stealing cattle, (allegedly) taking 17000and another 7000 prisoners in 2 campaigns  Used as laborers and auxiliary police (--> Medjai --> beginning tradition)  Large numbers of E.g. Soldiers stationed in Nubia: □ New Garrisons such as Buhen □ Securing/supervising trade routes □ Wadi Allaqi  (stone quarries and gold supplies)  And quarries in Western Desert ○ Nubia - Later OK  Under Sahure (2nd king 5th Dyn.) First mention of obtaining incense from Punt (Somalia/Eritrea) □  Djedkare-Izezi (late 5th Dyn.) □ Evidence for push further south, into Yam/in Dongola basin (3rd catar) □ Reflected in traded goods: animal skins, ivory, incense, a dancing dwarf*  Expeditions from Elephantine through desert □ Native Nubian bedouin guides, interpreters, and soldiers □ Route (could be travelled by donkey) called "Oasis Road"  Bahriya, Dakhla, Kurkur, Slima, Dungul --> to region of 3rd cataract  Nubian princes themselves under threat from roaming Bedouin □ Support Egyptian policy in South □ Provide troops for campaigns in Asia (--> cf. Report of Weni) □ Nubians and Egyptians can be seen to work together on occasion  Towards end of Dyn. 6 --> threat to trade routes increased --> 3 expeditions to Yam (3rd cataract) □ Series of Egyptian officials' reports)  Sabni of Aswan (late Dynasty VI) □ Brings back to Elephantine body of his father Mehu --> killed by Bedouin  Expedition leader Aaenankhet ○ Most important source for interactions with Nubia:  Harkuf of Aswan (under Merenre and Pepy II) □ Also "Head of Upper Egypt" □ Three expeditions to Yam (3rd cataract region):  Tomb inscriptions include letter by child-king Pepy II ◊ Instructs to take good care of a dancing dwarf (AEL I, 26-7*)  The End of the Old Kingdom ○ Potentially internal power struggle  Pepi II (After 67 or 94 years) succeeded by Antiemsaf II-Merenre  Herodotus: dies in "Harimconspiracy" after 1 year  Herodotus: dies in "Harimconspiracy" after 1 year ○ Herodotus (II, 100)/ Turin king list state that:  Succeeded briefly by queen --> sister or wife (?) Nitokris/Neith-ikeret □ No CONTEMPORARY evidence ○ Infrastructure seems destroyed ○ Ensuing reigns short  Few records for Dyn. 7-8  Continue to rule from Memphis  Continue to build pyramids --> only have remnants of Aba ○ At same time: Upper Egyptian nomarchs fight for prominence  --> eventually --> Coup d'etat by Herakleopolis ○ First Intermediate Period begins  First period of decentralization Lecture Topic : Egyptian Women • Women's status within Egyptian Society ○ Depended on fathers and husbands --> not a homogenous group ○ BUT: COMPARATIVELYmany individual rights  Legal position □ Considered equal with men before law □ Responsible for own actions, answerable to court □ Could attend court unaccompanied  Rights of ownership and inheriting □ Could own or rent property □ Sons and daughters received equal share of inheritance  Women could acquire substantial income on parents' death □ Wives, too, could inherit husbands' wealth:  Priest Wah from the M
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.