Homework: Today'sTopics: ImportantPoints:
Duringthe lecture,take notes here. Inserta sub-pagefor each lecturetopic.
(Early) Kings and Politics
Often indicate political program
HorusNarmer:"The Nasty Catfish"
Representationof royal name insideSerekh(= Palace Façade)
□ Points to importanceof monumental royal architecture
○ Largestructuresfor Royal Cult
1stDyn. Royal tombs
□ Subsidiaryburialsof courtiers
□ Mortuary cult?
□ Shunetes-Zebibof Khasekhemui(Dyn. 2):
○ PalermoStone "Followingof Horus"(shemes-Her)
Royal tour throughthe kingdomfor:
○ Ruler by God'sGrace
□ Link between human and gods
Had to maintain Maat = CosmicOrder/ Justice
Maat = God-given
□ BUT to be pursuedactively
One of the foremostroyal concerns:
□ Keep enemiesof Egypt (=chaos,isfet) at bay
Iconographyof smiting enemies
Maat= "daughter"of sungod
□ King offersMaat to gods
□ They "live on Maat"
□ King NOT (usually)shownas "individual"
□ Rather generic
Ethical life leads to paradisein afterlife
Kings and Gods
○ Kings placed on Earth by gods
In orderto maintain Maat and defeat Isfet
Maat underthreat when king died
□ Re-Unificationof Two Lands (re-foundingthe country)
○ The Ritual King
Nb jrj jxt - "Lord of Rituals"
EnsuringSun comes up in morning
Way of preservingMaat and smiting enemy
Makingsurerituals in temples are performed,so cosmicorderstays in Egypt
King is also preserverof fertility
Ritual of cutting grain so that god