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Lecture 13 october 28, 2008: the middle kingdom and classical literature. Around 2025 bce nebhepetre mentuhotep ii ends civil war. Egyptian sources celebrate him as re-uniter of country/founder of mk->remesseum procession: statues of menes, mentuhotep ii, ahmose. Changes royal titulary in yr 39 from who causes the hearts of the two lands to live to. He w/ divine white crown , horus uniter of the two lands . Actual unification may be yr 30-34->representation in dendera (smiting the symbol of. Historical sources mention uniting of oases of l. nubia (wawat) w/ egypt. Expeditions to lebanon for timber (timber also from nubia) Upsurge in construction activity->temples (manthu in tod, etc. ) Also upsurge in artistic works and inscriptions esp. in later part of reign. Attest new prosperity of land, newly centralized state in charge of all resources. After unification evident partial revival of memphite artistic traditions.

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