Various geographical factors shaped the egyptians" mindset: Provided cyclical time/ fertility of the land/ highway . Delta (le)/ valley (ue) believed they lived in two countries. Upper and lower egypt two very different landscapes (formed religious beliefs): delta: 3 niles: rosetta, damietta, pelusiac (now dry: nile valley (at aswan) Before aswan high dam: river divided into smaller streams by islands (stretched for 10 km) Today, several islands flooded and some temples shifted. A lot of earth and sea quakes. Inhabitants of the oases always a bit different : dress, customs, etc. Three types of foreigners: nubians (sudan, easterners asiatic (palastians, westerners (libyans) Egyptians feel superior because they have a lot of natural resources: agricultural products, stone: geological makeup of egypt. Limestone (from south of thebes/luxor to cairo: semi-precious stones: Bronze: copper + tin (but they don"t start to produce it themselves) *they also have natron (salt) sodium carbonate and sodium bi carbonate.