10/08/2014: old kingdom i: the pyramids (cid:1) (cid:1) Pyramids of ok embody royal power: great pyramid at giza (largest) builder is khufu/kheops. Conceptions: palace = house/symbol for living king, pyramid (complex) = same for deceased ruler, evokes primeval mound: creator can take form of such mound ex in texts. Ta-tenen, elevated/ing land = one name of creator. Stairway of ladder to the heavens: celestial afterlife aspirations (king hoped to unite with fathers, mothers, brothers, and sisters (sun, moon, and stars)) (cid:1) Pyramids evolved out of simpler shape: flat mastaba (arabic for bench ) mud-brick of stone, cultic buildings added early on. Different phases of construction: 1) square mastaba and enclosure wall of 71,5 m length, funerary shaft 28 m deep (accessed via corridor down from. Pyramid is never alone, djoser"s consists of: pyramid, south court, hebsed court, houses of south and north, serdab court, mortuary temple, north court, enclosure.