NMC101H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Ramesses Ii, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Political System

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Representation of royal name inside serekh (=palace fa ade) Significance of monumental architecture + rulers" names (often indicated political program) Several archaic horus names (aggressive connotation: ex. Following of horus (shemes-her) palermo stone: royal tour through the kingdom for inspection, tax-collection, exercising judicial authority (cid:1) Pharaoh = link between heaven and earth (b/w humans and gods) Placed on earth by gods in order to maintain maat = cosmic order/justice. Maat = god-given but has to be pursued actively: subdue isfet (sin) continuously. Maat = daughter of sungod (symbol of a feather) Later periods king offers maat to gods who live on maat : if heart was heavier than feather, then the monster will eat the heart, and the king will not proceed to the afterlife (cid:1) King engages in rituals so that the gods may return the favour to the country (sometimes kings would threaten the gods since the relationship is reciprocal)

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