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Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
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M.A.Pouls- Wegner

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November 1, 2011 Eleventh Dynasty: - First two kings were nomarchs  Intef: nomarch  Mentuhotep (I): the ancestor; designated as a king in later tradition  Intef (I) = Wahankh Intef  Built a saff tomb (“Saff Dawaba”): no slightest attempt to emulate OK tradition, purely local Thebanimmediate successors continued to build saff tombs at el-Tarif, Mentuhotep II moved to Deir el-Bahri because el- Tarif ran out of room  Intef II: claimed the traditional dual kingship & the “Son of Re”, but did not assume the full fivefold titulary; added only Horus name, no throne name  Biographical stele  North-wars push, captured Abydos, carried his attack into the 10 nome th of UEopen hostility against Heracleopolitan kingswar in the stretch of land from Abydos and Asyut for several decades  No more “nomarchs” in the territory controlled by the Theban rulers  First king to erect chapels for Satet and Khnum at Elephantinenew policy of royal presence and activity in the sanctuaries throughout the country  Stele of Djary - Not listed in the Saqqara King List - Some kings have relatively long reignspolitical stability - Technically begin with Intef I, not the 1 Intef (nomarch) - 2150 BCE: watershed year Middle Kingdom: - Nabheptre Mentuhotep: began a building program at the onset of his reign  Probably instituted temples at the sites most damagedexpress legitimacy  Made those temples part of administration  Built his mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri, built into the cliff  From saff tombs, local Theban traditions (Dynasty 11)  Incorporated Theban and Memphite traditions  Conquest of territory - Sankhkare Mentuhotep - Nebtawyre Mentuhotep - Classical age of art, literature - Established co-regencies to ensure smooth patrilineal transmission of kingship - Kemp: “prescriptive society”? people’s activities are state controlled, almost all elite depended on the stateavoided the rise of provincial elites  Socio-economic variation: two-tiered society  Kahun  Fortresses in Nubia page 1 - Administration:  Tomb Autobiography  Centralization  Provincial centers: E
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