March 13th.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
M.A.Pouls- Wegner

March 13 , 2012 th 20 Dynasty - According to Manetho, 12 kings in total - Long reigns from the early kings - Sethnakht  Reigned 2 years  Took over the tomb of Tawosret, not enough time to build his own, mummy not found - Ramesses III (1184 – 1153 BC)  Great Harris Papyrus: composed in the reign of Ramesses IV, deals with the accomplishment of Ramesses III  Celebrated one Sed-festival  Reigned 31 years  The Harem conspiracy: there are court documents recording the conspiracy  Records plans to hurt the king by magic and physical means  Many Libyan incursions  There have been Libyans in the West Delta for quite a long time, why is there a sudden change in attitude toward the Egyptians?  New group of Libyans are trying to migrate into Egypt because of famine as a consequence of climatic change?  Sea People  Coalition of many groups (ex. Asia minor, Aegens, Libyans, etc.), related to the Aegean/Mycenaens?  Name associate them with Eastern-Mediterranean  1 Egyptian record from Merneptah  Associated/allied them with Libyans  Most of our records of them from Medinet Habu mortuary temple of Ramesses III  Medinet Habu  Although very similar to Ramesseum of Ramesses II, it also has gateways, towers for soldiers to shoot down, etc., which are from the Near East  Contained very specific count of the casualties - End of the Ramesside Period  All following Ramesses are descendants of Ramesses III  Change in the role of the king (stop travelling around the country in a circuitking relied increasingly on provincial officers)  Pi-Ramesses began to silt up and began to shift towards the south, no longer directly adjacent to the deportation corridor  Great Harris Papyrus: royal bequests to temple institutions during reigns of Ramesses III and IV  Most of the goods went to the temple of Amun-Re  Temple owned 1/3 of all the irrigable land  High Priest of Amun-Re (Thebes)  Control over vast resources of temple  Administrative power, including payment of the workmen of Deir el-Medina  Appointment by oracle rather than king  Depicted as equal to the king (Ramesses IX – Amenhotep) or with royal titulary (Ramesses XI – Herihor)  Threat of the attack of the Libyans continued to disturb he Egyptians, began to harass Thebes (where all the tombs of earlier kings and priests of Amun are located)  Military weakness in the Delta  Loss control of Syrio-Palestine and then Nubia  Not much large scale building projects besides royal tombs and a temple of Khonsu, the mortuary temple of Ramesses III was the last major architectural project in Thebes  Periodic strikes of tomb builders at Deir el-Medina  Some evidence of infl
More Less

Related notes for NMC101H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.