March 13th.docx

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Department
Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course
NMC101H1
Professor
M.A.Pouls- Wegner
Semester
Winter

Description
March 13 , 2012 th 20 Dynasty - According to Manetho, 12 kings in total - Long reigns from the early kings - Sethnakht  Reigned 2 years  Took over the tomb of Tawosret, not enough time to build his own, mummy not found - Ramesses III (1184 – 1153 BC)  Great Harris Papyrus: composed in the reign of Ramesses IV, deals with the accomplishment of Ramesses III  Celebrated one Sed-festival  Reigned 31 years  The Harem conspiracy: there are court documents recording the conspiracy  Records plans to hurt the king by magic and physical means  Many Libyan incursions  There have been Libyans in the West Delta for quite a long time, why is there a sudden change in attitude toward the Egyptians?  New group of Libyans are trying to migrate into Egypt because of famine as a consequence of climatic change?  Sea People  Coalition of many groups (ex. Asia minor, Aegens, Libyans, etc.), related to the Aegean/Mycenaens?  Name associate them with Eastern-Mediterranean  1 Egyptian record from Merneptah  Associated/allied them with Libyans  Most of our records of them from Medinet Habu mortuary temple of Ramesses III  Medinet Habu  Although very similar to Ramesseum of Ramesses II, it also has gateways, towers for soldiers to shoot down, etc., which are from the Near East  Contained very specific count of the casualties - End of the Ramesside Period  All following Ramesses are descendants of Ramesses III  Change in the role of the king (stop travelling around the country in a circuitking relied increasingly on provincial officers)  Pi-Ramesses began to silt up and began to shift towards the south, no longer directly adjacent to the deportation corridor  Great Harris Papyrus: royal bequests to temple institutions during reigns of Ramesses III and IV  Most of the goods went to the temple of Amun-Re  Temple owned 1/3 of all the irrigable land  High Priest of Amun-Re (Thebes)  Control over vast resources of temple  Administrative power, including payment of the workmen of Deir el-Medina  Appointment by oracle rather than king  Depicted as equal to the king (Ramesses IX – Amenhotep) or with royal titulary (Ramesses XI – Herihor)  Threat of the attack of the Libyans continued to disturb he Egyptians, began to harass Thebes (where all the tombs of earlier kings and priests of Amun are located)  Military weakness in the Delta  Loss control of Syrio-Palestine and then Nubia  Not much large scale building projects besides royal tombs and a temple of Khonsu, the mortuary temple of Ramesses III was the last major architectural project in Thebes  Periodic strikes of tomb builders at Deir el-Medina  Some evidence of infl
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