NMC101H1 Lecture Notes - Ramesses Iii, Ramesses Ii, Osorkon Ii

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Published on 18 Sep 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course
NMC101H1
March 20th, 2012
Third Intermediate Period (21st 25th Dynasties)
21st Dynasty
- Unique royal dynasty of Smendes (Libyan), first king, referred to as
Nesbanebdjed in the Report of Wenamun
Received formal recognition throughout Egypt
Legitimacy through marriage to Gods Wife of Amun
Resided at Tanis (port of Pi-Ramesses)
Buried at Tanis, inside enclosure of temple of Amun-Re
- Effective control over Middle and Upper Egypt in hands of High Priest of
Amun/Great Army Commanders (Herihor and descendants)
21st Dynasty and HPA are two branches from the same family
- Relatively expansive in Levant
- Increasing political influence (autonomy) of Libyan
Brought tributes in the 18th Dynasty (referred to as Meshwesh, however,
had their own chiefssome extent of political organization)
Libyans: Meshwesh, Tjehenu, Tjemehu, Libu
Ramesses II: Meshwesh, Tjehenu, Tjemehu
Ramesses III and Merneptah: dominated by Libu
- Tanis (San el-Hagar)
Flat, no high desert cliffs, many blocks (almost all buildings made out of
reused stones since there are no stones quarried from the area)
- Occasional references to Asiatics
Sphinx of Amenemhat III, with mutilated Hyksos cartouches
Large temple complex (Tanis treasure): tomb of rulers
Osorkon II: tomb depicts the judgment of the dead, but the king was
never depicted as being judged before
Very interesting sarcophagus
Psusennes Is funerary mask
Burials in hawk-shaped coffins
Silver coffin of Sheshonq II (22nd dynasty): shape of hawk, refers to
Re-Horakhti?
Temple of Amun of Opet at Tanis (same name as the Luxor temple at
Karnak)
Both had a sacred lake
Both had a temple of Opet
Tanis was deliberately laid out as a parallel to the temple of
Amun-re (Theban landscape)
- High priests of Amun continued in Thebes
- Hereditary (Herihor and descendants)
- Coalescence of priestly, military, administrative, and judicial power in HPA
- Office of Gods Wife of Amun provided link with the Tanite kings (at first
appointed by the king, usually his daughter; could not marry)
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Document Summary

Unique royal dynasty of smendes (libyan), first king, referred to as. Legitimacy through marriage to god"s wife of amun. Buried at tanis, inside enclosure of temple of amun-re. Effective control over middle and upper egypt in hands of high priest of. 21st dynasty and hpa are two branches from the same family. Brought tributes in the 18th dynasty (referred to as meshwesh, however, had their own chiefs some extent of political organization) Ramesses iii and merneptah: dominated by libu. Flat, no high desert cliffs, many blocks (almost all buildings made out of reused stones since there are no stones quarried from the area) Sphinx of amenemhat iii, with mutilated hyksos cartouches. Large temple complex (tanis treasure): tomb of rulers. Osorkon ii: tomb depicts the judgment of the dead, but the king was never depicted as being judged before. Silver coffin of sheshonq ii (22nd dynasty): shape of hawk, refers to.

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