NMC101H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Funerary Cult, Mastaba, Pyramid Texts
Summary notes: pyramids and their temples audran labrousse. 4th-6th dyn. most kings and many queens interred in pyramids tombs evolution (predyn. to 3rd dyn): mound marked with stones mastaba . Monuments of officials and royal relatives grouped around pharaoh"s tomb social hierarchy persisted beyond death: having tomb in royal necropolis offered nonroyals hope of achieving survival and retention of offices after death. Tomb as framer of eternity beginning in unis" reign (final king 5th dyn. ) Pyramid texts inscribed on walls of royal funerary apartments: helped pharaoh in passage through underworld to eternal bliss. Egyptians believed rebirth could be achieved through 3 primary avenues: osirian eschatology deceased reaches world of dead ruled by. Osiris and never returns: solar cosmology pharaoh reborn every morning and accompanies sun across sky, disappearing with it but reemerging at dawn, pharaoh rises north at night to rejoin stars that circle pole, giving undying light.