NMC101H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Mentuhotep Ii, Gebelein, Saqqara
Follows string of short lived rulers dyns. 1 inscribed pyramid king ibi or aba at saqqara. Debated: long reign of pepi ii dwindling of centralized state"s power: offices increasingly hereditary, lands endowments to local families. Series of low nile inundations: fiscal system/prosperity affected, low rain-fall in adjacent areas immigration pressure. Herakleopolis former nomarchs reign as local kings (dyn. Kings mostly called kkety (akhtoy in greek: some mentioned in turin papyrus. Fictional instruction on how to be king left by father. Reflects entirely new understanding of state and kingship. Thebes shift of capital to herakleopolis: major rupture. Turin canon inserts (grand total 995 years: of all dynasties gone before. Theban rule begins with rise of count ini-itef: confidante of king . Turin canon mentuhotep i as first. Mentuhotep not unifier of u and l egypt. To date no agreement whether 9th/10th dynasties contemporary with 8th: seemingly legitimate line for thebans, succeeded. Stands for upheaval, unrest, decentralization in later periods.