NMC260Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Ebla

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Uruk came first, to unify smaller cities under a larger state but sargon defeated him; and expanded on the uruk humble efforts to make his own empire stronger and larger. * city of akkad origins rise and fall are unknown. * legend goes that it was built by king sargon the great, unified and set the standard for future government form rules in mesopotamia. * he conquered the four corners of the universe . * mari, a wealthy city was associated with cuneiform writing some say akkad was restored rather than built by sargon. * this empire stabilized the region of mesopotamia and allowed for the development of art, literature, science, agricultural advances, and religion. * art: naturalism; what little has survived shows iconography of nature and the divine. * first postal service: outer clay envelopes with the recipients name and address and seal of the sender; only way to open was to break it.

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