* urbanism and rise of the (canaanite) urban centers that thrived on trade with egypt. * it ended with the decline of the egyptian old kingdom. * demand from egypt for materials simulated production i. e. wine and copper. * the growing markets of egypt and demand called for greater organization of the economy. * stone technology still make up the bulk of the tools. * the settlement hierarchy has three levels: village, hamlet, and. * near the end of the eb i, a fourth level is discernable fortified walls. * architecture: inconspicuous buildings except near the end of eb i with large-scale cultic buildings i. e. megiddo. * eb ii and iii = urbanization 3100 (eb ii) - 2300 (eb iii) * abandonment of large scale settlements and finding of new ones. * parallel: rural settlement abandoned new urban centers occupied.