* early assur: earliest king is tudiya; 25th century, from texts, there was a treaty between him and king ibrium of ebla, it was an administrative centre during the akkadian empire; and after the fall of. * ruling structure: local person acts like the vice regent of the patron deity (belum) = lord or. * assur becomes a major economic and political player. * it became a flourishing free trade port, under the king illushama. * it expands to anatolia, sets up trading colonies (from turkey to afghanistan) * sadduwatum (this is the first trading colony) * 1813: the wealth of assur attracts the leader of the nomadic amorite tribe, shamsi- Adad: he conquers the surrounding area and assur (1809, sets up a new royal city at shubat-enlil (tell leilan) * pottery is typical of leilan and northern mesopotamia in the early part of the 3rd millennium.