NMC277H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Tulunids, Saladin, Buyid Dynasty

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Monday first quiz – Mandatory
Only info on readings on next Monday!
We know that islam arose in 622 – Hijra – fundamental date and event
mid 7th century – call for crudes in 1095 – 4.5 centuries
impossible to understand the events of the crusades – without having a nice
overview of what took place in the 4 centuries prior to crusades
span of Islam from China down to SA, Indonesia to the Arabian peninsula and then
Africa and a global religion
how is it that islam grew from Macca and Medina to this grand territory
things became disintegrated – not an empire that is strongly ruled from Baghdad –
that is crucial in our period
Analogy of British Empire – at its peak – expanded to US, Aus, India – after ww2
collapsed and contracted to where the colonies rule itself and some became
independent
Same thing with Islamic world – burst of Islamic contact – expanded to western iran
and Transoxiana – Egypt and North Africa – everyone ruling themselves in the end
Early Islamic conquest – 632 – 634: 10th century all those different dynasties and
confederation of territories
Early Islamic conquest – reveleation of Muhammad, Mecca – The Quran – began his
prophecy – began the call to the people of Mecca – Quraysh: ruling tribe – call of his
mission – bit of success and failures – realizes that time to leave mecca – invited to
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Medina by ruler tribes as peacemaker and ruled over them – migration to medina:
Anno Heigira
Not just a prophet but a ruler of a polity – political ruler of madina – not only
spiritual ruler but political rule and defend medina – early Islamic army fought from
medina
Able to convert people in Arabia and many of the tribes
630 – captures mecca – achievement cause Muhammad unites mecca with medina
632 – final sermon and passes away and most of Arabia has converted to Islam
wahabi islam – Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab – Saud == Saudi Arabia
arid dry desert land
nature of Geography is always crucial
Mecca – quite fascinating cause of the Kaba – muslims pray 5 times a day facing the
Kaba – people underestimate how huge the house is – muslims believe that built by
Ishmael and Abraham
Before spread of Islam – Idols in the KAba
When Muhammad brought his message of Submission because it shook the
structure because wanted them to pray to one god rather than multiple – cause if
that happens people will no longer come to Mecca to perform pagan pilgrimage
Kiswa – really important politically – door sown of Kaba – dynasties would fight to
place the kiswa – to attain symbolic supremacy
King of Jordan – Hashim – The Sharif
Hashmites lost mecca and medina and stayed in Jordan
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