Ww1 had decisive effect on me, modern map. Ottomans cup in control, 3 main figures. Cup progerman b/c of role of german military missions in rebuilding ottoman army after balkan wars lost all of europe except eastern thrace. Cup in 1913 purged officer core, rebuilt using german help. Politically germany lacked overt territorial ambitions in the me. Germany had generally supported teritorial integrity of the ottoman. Ottoman iridentalism directly to british and russians. Hoped the war would allow empire to regain lost territory. Could stay neutral but gambled that the germans could win. Germany thought that through the ottomans after the war they would have power over most of the me. France and gb saw favorable territorial gain after break up of the ottoman empire. France hoped that territoral gains would help compensate the losses. Gb wanted to consolidate power in me and extend into fertile crescent.