Egypt March 13.doc

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Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Ron Leprohon

Egypt March 13, 2012 Tomb robberies Tombs of the late Middle Kingdom and early new Kingdom (Dynasty 17) near Deir el Bahri. Papyrus Abbott “ we went on inspection tour because there were certain claims made by the mayor of Thebes about tomb robberies on the West Bank.” Page 2: description of a tomb robbery – really long. Page 3: they get a little more terse. At the end: a summary of the tombs inspected, those found to be intact: 9 robbed: 1. Tombs of the Chantresses of Amun: 4 violated. Letters to the dead: some were written in bowls. 6.3 pg 233 6.3.1 Egyptians believed that the human being consisted of a number of elements. First one – 2 arms = person’s ka. Kind of like a spirit/soul but soul is dangerous because it transposes one faith on another. It’s really the life force. It is born with the person. When you see a false door in a tomb it’s the ka that is meant to be coming out of the false door. They realized that what they call the corpse stays in the tomb. But the non-corporeal elements come out. When you see captions over a tomb it says “an offering that the king gives for the ka of…” Then there’s the ba – the human headed bird. It is also translated as soul but it is what makes one person different from another. Like the personality. They believed everything had ba power, they did not believe in inanimate objects. At death all of these parts that are part of a human being just split apart. Because the person has become unwhole, the idea is to put a person back together again and make them whole. To make them an “akh” – something to do with being luminous. Key: lector priests always have a sash across his chest. People prayed to their dead relatives Another part: the heart/mind. At final judgement the heart is weighed against Maat. The name is also very important. A person’s identity. If someone fell out of favour you hack out their name from their tomb so they would stop existing in people’s minds. On the picture there is a little mummy and that’s the corpse. 6.4 Dead spirits thought to be divine. Picture: estates throughout the country are like trust funds set up throughout the person’s life for a person’s mortuary temple. This picture: women bringing food in to the temple. They represent the different estates throughout Egypt. King Neferirkare –brother of his successor. Started his calley temple and causeway but never finished it. They built the mortuary temple for the King but they left it like that. One of his successors – Neuserre gets stuck finishing his pyramid and 2 other successors because they all died really quick. He takes the causeway and diverts it towards his own mortuary temple. And the Abusir papyrus was made. 6.4.2 Pyramids. Development of tombs. Exam question: if someone told you aliens built the pyramids: You should sa
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