Week 6 – Independent Thought and Caribbean Freedom
Summary – Operation Bootstrap and Industrialization by Invitation
Epistemic Dependence – Lloyd Best
Role of intellectual classes
Operation Bootstrap: reality?
Increased colonial dependence on US
Concentration of foreign ownership
Local entrepreneurship and know-how marginalized
Pattern of investment did not translate into increased employment
opportunities or secure and sustainable work
Society more oriented to consumer ethic of metropolitan counterpart
Steady stream of migration from Puerto Rico to the US in search of
Industrialization by Invitation: Reality?
Emphasis on ISI rather than export markets. Manufacturing expansion in fact
supported by growth in oil, bauxite, etc.
Capital-intensive (in Puerto Rico)
Little domestic value-added
Later development includes establishment of export-processing zones (i.e.
Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Jamaica)
In sum, the policies followed actually increased the regions’ dependency on
foreign capital flows
State not an agent of economic transformation, but should also be considered
to be an instrument of expropriation and exploitation (Dupuy) – in particular
to the case of Haiti
“Where is the slingshot?” – p. 148: What do you think was Best’s aim in using
these Caribbean proverbs/colloquialisms? “David, where’s your slingshot?”
Lloyd Best: ‘The aim is to force the Caribbean colonial mind to face the
question: How?” (p. 148)