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African Studies Oct 11th 2011.docx

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New College
Thomas Tieku

African Studies Oct 11 th 2011 10/11/2011 7:10:00 AM The Peopling of Eastern and Central Africa Need to know how to identify important geograpgical features ( look at maps on slidesand other maps) - East Africa proper includes that random island and all those other things in water on the right of the map including morocco, seycheslles, start from sudan and then move to Eritrea, jibitou, Ethiopia, Somalia at the tip, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania,and then move down. Zambia is cutoff point for east Africa central Africa- pay attention to small circle in Equitorial Guinea, Cameroon is part of central Africa, Nigeria is not. Central African republic and Congo is part of it highest mountain in Africa is kilamanjaro. (the one on the bottom not the top is mount kilamanjaro, the one at top of map is mount kenya important landmarks that gave names to African countries: lake tanganiyka (the one on top in Tanzania) and River congo pay attention to lumbiko and sambezi regions - Indigenous ppl of East Africa (and central) can be categorized into three groups 1. The Bantu 2. The Nilo- Saharans 3. The Afro-Asians map of migration of bantus (Lunda, Ganda, Kikuyu and Hutus) the bantu ppl engaged in crop production and fishing (majority are agriculturalists) and shifting cultivation shifting cultivation is farming where you till the land, you plant, harvest then move away, don’t own the land forever major instrument used is a hoe needed a lot of carbs to bear energy to use hoe staple foods are high carb foods for energy tended to be well built and bigger in size used to be dominant group - matrilineal kinship system - name given by father but everything else is matrilineal (if separation go with mother’s family) the Nilo Saharan People (Maasai, acholi, Lendu) - distinct from bantu’s because they are pastoralists (cattle herders) - usually migrate in search of grazing lands for the animals don’t engage in heavy muscle intensive activity, and don’t till land, tend to depend on protein - because they walk long distances thin and tall because of this, when Europeans recognized them, they didn’t think they were indigenous Africans (bulk of indigenous Africans are farmers so were like bantu’s ) - these ppl also started believing that they were not indigenous because of reward in the hierarchy- elevated status by Europeans and then worked with them (because they were lighter skin and thought they were superior to Bantu’s) -strategic because smaller group and can reward them as opposed to the big ass bantu group - came into constructing two identities.- lifestyle caused elevation, cattle became the defining feature of richness cause of Tutzu’s and Hutus (Tutzu’s thought they were superior to rule) conflict in East Africa is because of the past Pastoralists and agriculturalists (e.g we need to land to graze vs we need the land to cultivate, so fight over land issues and land rights) - patrilineal kinship system afro-Asians (Amharic, Oromo and Somali ) - noted for being traders especially Amharic ppl three groups intermingled and intermarried historically the important civilizations they built were Moroe (first major city in sub Saharan Africa called Kerma ) Nubias ( merged, in present day Sudan. Nubia first major Christ
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