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African Studies Jan 10th.docx

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New College
Thomas Tieku

African Studies Jan 10 th 2/14/2012 9:51:00 AM 1. introduction 2. Decolonization 3. Waves of decolonization 4. Causes of decolonization 5. Conclusion Africa has interacted with a number of people outside of the continent such as Haitians, Arabs and most of the interactions were positive even with Europe. For 300 years Europe trade with Africa. They traded goods and services then to trading humans then it was replaced by control of land known as colonialism. The berlin conference played a fundamental role. And they made up rules for dividing Africa. EXCEPT south Sudan, they were all demarcated. The European boards were mated in such a way that reflected the society that lived there, the ethnic composition that lived there. Most of the Europeans had never even been to the land they were demarcating so they had no idea about the ethnic and regional boarders that had already been there. People who have lived together for a long times who didn?t know anything about boarders were separated. Although ethnic groups are socially constructed in the first place, Europeans attempted to create different ethnic groups between the Africans who considered themselves of the same ethnic group. For people to differentiate themselves from ?the other?, they create hate in order to emphasize their difference. The 2 major developments: 1) political/social impact 2) integration of Africa into the capitalist European economic system from the 1920s onwards, Africans began to ask serious questions about their state, ?why should Europeans colonize/rule over us?? decolonization: efforts to stop foreign political control of African territories. it was rapid and relatively peaceful compared to decolonizatin elsewhere in the world. Waves of decolonization. Started around the 1950s. first country who gained its independence was LIBYA. (Not, Ghana as many say). [Liberia was where freed American slaves would return to. Egypt was so strategic in the grand scheme of things that it was controlling some part of Sudan. Europe did not see Egypt as an African country, but more of a country where everybody would go. Ethiopia was not colonized because of its strong emperor, difficult landscape to conquer and lack of resources that Europe was looking for.] countries who were freed first: Libya, Sudan, Ghana and Guinea. It was hard for guinea because guinea was controlled by France and france wa
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