NEW240Y1 – Nov 15 12/16/2012 7:06:00 PM
Lecture November 15 , 2012h
Study Session- week before exam
o Equity Studies union
o Most likely Wednesday
Course usb will be available around the end of the exam
Equity and Social Movements
o A Social Movement
A group of people with a common ideology who try
together to achieve certain general goals.
A type of group action
Large informal groupings of individuals and/or
organizations focused on specific political or social
issues and carrying out resisting or undoing a social
o The Oregon Citizens Alliance (OCA)
Conservative organization created amendment to
remove sexual orientation
Once rights are entrenched, they are still precarious.
These are another form of social movements
Social movement are not always equity movements.
Silence as form of social movement
o OCA Strategies
Fear about the economy
Negative stereotypes about LGBT people
Language (special rights, special interest groups)
I didn’t speak up when they came for others so there was no one
left to speak up when they came for me.
o Global village where multinational corporations suffer.
o Corporations have become the ruling political bodies of our
era, setting the agenda for globalization. o Known as corporate rule, where they have more power than
Amalgamated wealth and politics
o They come together formally now.
o Compliance by citizens.
o Favor the opening of foreign markets through free trade
o Means fewer restrictions on business operations
o Reduces the role of national governments
o Affects labour rights (rejects minimum wage, collective
o Analysis as creative power for change
It is important to understand the context of social movements and
1994- The Zapatista uprising
o Zapatista- an indigenous movement formed in Chiapas,
o Look to an learn from the south for
Criminalization of Protest
o Rather than addressing the many varied and valid concerns of
thousands who joined anti-globalization protests around the
world, the media focused on a small number of violent
o How the media participates in the criminalization of
Exam help session
4 questions worth 5 marks
bring up 5 different points
- for each definition make five points
- put points in sentence form
Part A Make sure that you stick to the definition or concept and that you do not
veer off and waste time.
anti poverty organization
talks about the govt. policies and poor people
OCAP is dedicated to fighting poverty
Ontario community/ grassroots organization
What does it actually do?
Give explanation of what exactly OCAP does
Article, “Going for Broke” p 290 John Clarke explains it
Mike Harris, Workfare, welfare system faciliatates keeping people poor
relevance for equity
one mark for including key references --> John Clarke Notes 12/16/2012 7:06:00 PM
What is Social Justice Education?
Theory and practice are intertwining parts of the interactive and historical
process which Freire calls praxis (1970)
Defining Features of Oppression
Pervasiveness: nature of social inequality woven throughout social
institutions and embedded within individual consciousness
Includes institutional and systemic discrimination, personal bia, bigotry, and
social prejudice in most aspects of society
Restricting: denotes structural and material constraints that significantly
shape a person’s life chances and sense of possibility.
Oppression restricts both self-development and self-determination. It
delimits who can imagine becoming and the power to act in support if one’s
rights and aspirations
Hierarchical: Oppression signifies relationships that dominant or privileged
groups benefit, from the disempowerment of subordinated or targeted
For example, white’s dominate and control social power and privilege
unequally available to coloured people.
Thus, as a social group, white’s hold the majority of positions of power and
influence , and command the controlling institutions of society, while
negatively affecting the life expectancy, infant mortality, income, housing,
employment, and education opportunities of coloured people.
Complex, multiple, cross cutting relationships: Power and privilege are
Even an upperclass professional man of African American descent might
have more economic opportunities unavailable to most women, though they
may also face limitations not endured by white co-workiers, male or female.
He may be more likely to be threatened by police and or endure hateful
epithets more often
Internalized: Oppression and oppressive beliefs are internalized and the
idea that poor people somehow deserve and are responsible for poverty,
rather than the economic system that structures and requires it, is learned
by poor and affluent alike. Homophobia and the idea that poor people somehow deserve and are
responsible for poverty; the economic structure and the belief that poor
people are responsible for it is a common internalization by poor and affluent
How do we capture such complex social phenomena in clear and
understandable terms that neither oversimplify nor rigidify processes that
are lived by diverse human beings in historically specific and individually
We look at the existence of a dominant or agent group and a subordinate or
target group in each form of oppression as well as the differentials of power
and privilege that are dynamic features of oppression, whatever its
We try to highlight distinct qualities and appreciate historical and social
contexts that distinguish one form of oppression from another.
We believe eradicating oppression requires struggle against all its forms but
building coalitions among diverse people offers promising strategies for
challenging oppression systematically. Therefore, we highlight theory
and practice that demonstrate the interconnections among different
forms of oppression and suggest common strategies to oppose it.
Learning from History
As we move toward new initiatives and their interlocking nature and it’s
different form of oppression, we can trace connections among movements
that may not have been clearly visible then as they are now in hindsight.
We can study these histories to learn how better to build coalitions and avoid
Constructing an Inclusive Theory of Oppression
The social science literature on racism and insights about racism that
emerged from the civil rights movement of the late 1950s-1960w profoundly
shaped the way scholars and activists have come to understand oppression
and its other manifestations.
Americans during the civil rights movement adapted their own stories and
struggles to shape their goals and strategies for equality.
Early women’s groups were spawned within SNCC itself as black and white
women applied their experiences with racial inequality to their own positions
as women, as did Latinas in the Puerto Rican Youth movement. Classicism
The new left movements of the late 1960-1970s espoused ideals of
political democracy and personal liberty and applied their political
energy to make power socially accountable.
Remarks by A. Rodney Bobiwash
The main purpose of this reading is to show how inequitable Canada has
been towards Aboriginal peoples. It reveals that there are a growing number
of aboriginals, already a minority, and also aboriginals with disabilities that
may need assistance from the government in the form of institutions and
funding initiatives for better programming. It also outlines the fact that
universities have been trying to attract aboriginals to attend their schools.
The Federal Contractors Compliance Program was implemented in order to
increase the numbers of people from target groups within private
corporations that did business with the federal government but it decreased
within the first five years. The only service that accomplished anything was
the Department of Indian Affairs which increased the numbers of Aboriginal
people in the federal government. Newspaper Analysis 12/16/2012 7:06:00 PM
Analyze one at a time.
Look for specific language.
Look for statistical information
Look for changes over a long period of time.
How do I know what information is actually important? How do I look for
How do I distinguish the facts from the author’s opinions?
What am I trying to do here? What am I analyzing about the article?
How can I organize my analysis?
What structure is suitable to make the most effective argument?
How do I find the main idea of the article?
1. Equity entry points
- which are relevant to my editorial and how do they intersect?
- Look at terms, concepts, and frameworks I learned about in the first weeks
of the course to help define the relevant issues in the editorial
2. Identify the central purpose of the editorial/article
- The article argues that immigration laws are increasingly becoming more of
a selection process which specifies who can enter the country based on
certain qualities they possess.
- it is very hypocritical because of the historical fact that Canadians at one
point were hiring foreign workers for cheap labor.
- the number of refugees allowed into the country has been decreasing since
2006, and may be because of stricter immigration laws.
- The number of family class immigrants accepted into Canada has
dropped by 10,000 since the Conservatives took power.
- this is in opposition to the number of economic immigrants and temporary
foreign workers that are being brought into the country in 2010.
- the only true information that the editorial offers is the chart showing: The
Conservative record: Immigrants see a harsher Canada from the Toronto
Star - the stance of the author seems to be presented as more factual and
interpretive of the graph than trying to persuade the reader to choose as
particular side of the argument. The only hint of the author’s preferred side
is the title of the graph “The Conservative Record Immigrants see a harsher
- The author appears say that it is beneficial to Canada that they are letting
immigrants into the country. They employ a tone that seems to be hopeful
but in fact might be an equity issue in the fact that the government is
beginning to restrict entry into Canada to those that are more “qualified” to
enter than others, potentially starting or continuing a hierarchy of people
competing to escape their country or make a living in Canada with a fresh
They must also speak either French or English if they wish to stay in
Canada following university and after doing that they must wait to
be recruited by employers through nomination.
- the author states, “What was once a modest program designed to
bring in nannies, farm workers and foreigners with specialized skills, is
now a source of low-cost labour.
- It has also now become more about using immigrants for economic
benefit and cheap labour than an issue over citizenship. It is citizenship
with a goal and a specific ideal of cheap labour.
o Since the Conservatives took power, Canada has become less of
a haven and more of a harbor for refugees to work for their
purposes. Those that are let in, anyways.
- The author claims that the Tories have made “needed reforms, realigned
immigration with the job market and reduced the backlog of applications
from skilled workers and improved the distribution of immigrants across the
country (to work for cheap labor).
They have also deprived the workers’ families from being able to
integrate properly by making it harder for their families to join
This, to me, sounds more like a deliberate act of governmental
authority over citizens in order to control them but instead
becoming the workforce of Canada in a tradeoff for a “better life”
It is true then, that