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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - Africa and Traditional Powers .docx

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Department
New College
Course
NEW353H1
Professor
Khalid Ahmed
Semester
Winter

Description
01072014CrimeaUkraineRussiatheEUtheUSRussiaismilitarilyinterestedinCrimeaAlloftheoilthatcomesintoRussiagoesthroughUkraineRussiaissayingthatwehaveourownwayofunderstandingdemocracyandpoliticscanthisbehiswayofsayingthatwehaveourownwayofunderstandingIRIstheWesterncommunitydealingwithCrimeaUkrainethesamewaythattheyaredealingwithDarfurorotherAfricancountriesPowerRussianscanbackuptheirwordswithmilitaryactionsAidtheWestcannotuseAidtochallengeAfricaPowerdynamicsaredifferentwithinEuropewhenthereisapowerfulbackerlikeRussiawhocanhurtEuropeMostAfricannationsdonthavethatmilitarypowerAnalagoustothesituationwithAfricancountriesUkraineisstillthoughtofasanextensionofRussiaagencyistakenawayfromUkraineandpeoplearespeakingontheirbehalfbasedontheoriesandideasandconceptsthatwelearnyoucanjustifyitusingrealismneorealismetcUkrainewontbeconsideredafailedstateCrimeamightWhenyoudonthavesomethingtocontrollikeoilthanyouhavepowerTheInternationalRelationsofSubSaharanAfricaChapter1ByIanTaylor01072014Chapter1TheTimesArentAchangingAmericanPoliciesinAfricaAmericanpolicytowardsAfricahaschangedminimallysince19972maingoalsAdvanceglobaleconomicintegrationunderconditionsofneoliberalismCounterperceivedthreatstoAmericansecurityinterestsEveninpost911whenUSpoliciesareincreasinglyaboutsecuritythegoalsofthe90sarestillattheforefrontThecurrentincreaseintheimportanceofoilandpotentialterroristthreatstotheAmericannationalinterestshavechangedpolicyveryslightlybutthegoalsarebasicallythesameDemonstratingnewpoliciespost911contextualizedtheimportanceofAfricatoUSinterestsistherunningthreadbetweenthesectionsinthechapterChapterwilldemonstratethecontinuitiesinUSAfricantiessincepre911FromClintontoGeorgeWBush911renewedAmericanstrategicnationalinterestinAfricawhichhadwanedinthepostcoldwarperiodbecauseinthattimeAfricawasbasicallybeingusedasapawntoforwardthesuperpowersinterestsonthecontinentEginthe90s21Americanforeignaidmissionscloseddown9wereinAfricaandforeignaidreducedfrom24Billion1985to12Billion1990TherewasntcompletedisengagementAmericaremainedinterestedinissuespertainingtoaidanddevelopmentTheAfricanGrowthAndDevelopmentActAGOAwasmadelawintheUSinMay2000ItofferedincentiveforAfricanstocontinuetoopentheireconomiesbuildfreemarketstheyhadthemostliberalaccesstoUSmarketscomparedtoanyothernationsnotinfreetradeagreementswiththeUSSpecialprovisionswereintroducedtoAGOAbecauseAfricacouldntkeepupwithitsoriginalprovisionsandtextileexportstotheUSincreasedfromabout700millionin2000toover1billionin2004thisincreaseinexportsendedwhenthespecialprovisionswerescrappedTerrorismandtheSecuritizationofUSAfricaPoliciesThe1990ssawanincreaseinterroristactivitiesinAfricaroguestateSudanOsamaBinLadenresidencyinKhartoumattemptedassassinationofEgyptspresidentMubarakwiththeperpetratorsallegedlyhidinginSudan1991collapseofSomaliascentralgovtwhichmeantanincreaseinextremistgroupsthatwerebasedinSomaliaDespiteallofthislessresourcesweredirectedataddressingthisthreatinthe90sunderPresidentClintonAmericandiplomatsintelligencepersonnelandmilitarysecurityassistancewasreduced
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