NEW333H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Infinite Regress, Nominalism, Mechanize

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27 Sep 2016
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NEW333 - 10/09/2015 - Class Four
Galileo
1) Matter becomes actual and independently existing matter
Connection: Matter is pure potentiality(evil) and the ultimate form(good + God)
- Good and evil now have a metaphysical place
- Galileo shatters this whole structure --> Matter becomes inert stuffer.
- Where are good and evil? Does it make sense to use the terms?
- Struggle when we encounter the word evil
e.g. Nazi --> People wanted to say that they were evil and not just immoral
2) Trying to understand what reality now means (Can't trust senses, other people's
opinions as only the math is right)
Primary Properties
---------------------
- Properties of the things that are measurable by math
- Objective = reality (eg. chair --> Math properties = mass etc.. | Other properties =
"chairness" of the object is not in the object)
Secondary Properties
------------------------
- Not measurable by math
- Subjective (Where does the beauty of the rose exist? It exists in the subject of the
person.)
-Subjective = illusory
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-Is gender subjective?
- View cuts us off from reality
Connection: How does this get taken back into spirituality?
Martin Luther(German)
- Genius for embodying the time
- View is that the world is deeply chaotic (e.g. Lake is possessed and believed God hated
him)
Connection: Influenced by Augustine, mystics, and knows how radically self deceptive
we are
- View is that the self is always radically deceiving, self destructiveness, and strong
willing(Can't shut that off)
- He suffers dramatically(loss of agency and being under significant and constant stress)
Connection: Augustine couldn't achieve the salivation without others
- Self is incapable at saving itself as all attempts for self transcendence are impossible
Solution: God is absurd and will save you in an arbitrary sense.
Connection: Faith is no longer about love but rather just the assertion that God saved
you
- The whole structure of the church is unnecessary
- All that matters is this direct moment when God saves you
Protestant Revolution
- Willful self deceptive and Church seems very corrupt(Especially the Germans)
Connection: Aquinas had set up the world to deal with the 2 world problem
- University is the field of knowledge whereas monastery's are evil
- Monastery's are evil as they promise self transformation which is self deception
- The revolution has all the Monastery's are shut down
- Sapiential Obsolescence --> All wisdom
- Culture is teaching undeserved external validation as you are worthless in your core
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- Cultural training of narcissism
Encultured narcissism <------> sapiential obsolescence (Wisdom is obsolete)
Problem #1: Good deeds are worthless in God's eyes. His decisions to save you are
arbitrary. How do you know if you are going to get saved?
- Anxiety producing as if God doesn't arbitrarily save you it will be Hell forever
- "If I'm not being saved then if God has elected to love and save me he would be
supportive."
- What does it mean to be successful? --> Business success
- If you beat someone else you were elected by God --> Other people are losers
Problem #2: As you acquire wealth you don't want to use it yourself. You dump it back
into the business as the key is to make sure you succeed. Capitalism.
Timeline: Shakespeare --> Wrestling with all these issues (meaning crisis) --> God
absent from all his plays
- Supernatural = weird and chaotic(Ghosts and witches)
- God is not there as he has fallen off the cultural radar
- Most pivotal figure of the time tries to solve this meaning crisis
Rene Descartes (Founding Figure of Cognitive Science)
- Genius
- Overcoming Descartes mistakes have pushed science
- Invents Cartsean graphing system --> Huge Psychotechnology
- School: y = mx+b
- If I can graph it I can take anything in the world and turn it into an equation
- World becomes computerized --> More powerful way to interact with nature
- Descartes wants to solve this crisis
- The mathematical manipulation of equations gets you to reality
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