NEW333- Lecture 3

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12 Feb 2012
Lecture 3
3 dimensions of realization. Co-relevance: how things are relevant to each other. 3D create a
“space” → experiential space. Three kinds of patterns that are picked up on. Pattern tracking:
detect, complete and follow. “Noise” = irrelevant information. What we're trying to do is 3 kinds of
learning. Learning of just basic patterns of the world and how to interact with them → “Procedural
learning”, has to do with know how.
Conditions on events: conditions are a different types of causation. Bi directional modeling:
simultaneously model the world and model itself. Three kinds of landscapes (how it's structured).
Salience landscape: attention triggers arousal and immediate appraisal. Presence landscape:
plausibility, predictability, possibility. Dependence landscape: (If, then): causation, conditionality,
Salience, presence, and dependence all interrelated. When these are coordinated well, we get a
particular kind of realization. When salience tracks presence in depth → significance.
There's another way this space is carved up: three levels at which this occurs. Logos: how you
spend your attention, how you ration your resources, how you make things fit together → all
unconscious. The basic relevance machinery is making connections to the world. Making
resonance: trying to connect to other minds. We also connect in a normative fashion; not how things
are but also how things should be.
Where cog sci and Buddhism come together: meaning in life. When there's significance within and
projected from religio logos, meaning in life.
Myth was also associated with mysticism, the descent into the psyche by
means of structured disciplines of focus and concentration which have been
evolved in all cultures as a means of acquiring intuitive insight. Without a cult
or mystical practice, the myths of religion would make no sense.”
Daniel Hutto has a specific theory called Narrative Practice Hypothesis. Hutto interested in how we
train mindsight. Mirror neurons play a role. They have to be trained though. To understand Hutto,
we have to look at an earlier view → how mindsight worked.
Mindsight is a kind of focused attention that allows us to see the internal workings of our own minds. It helps us to be
aware of our mental processes without being swept away by them. Another way to put it is that mindsight is the basic
skill that underlies everything we mean when we speak of having social and emotional intelligence.”
Pre-Hutto: how did people in cog sci think mindsight worked? Hutto pointed out that before, the
way people thought mindsight worked was a very simple formula. Belief + desire + rationality =
action. Eg if drinking water. There's a belief that drinking water will help with thirst, thirst is desire,
and rationality is fitting the two together. The action is drinking.
Hutto doesn't deny this. However people sometimes do novel things with common things.
If action is lying, for example. We have to figure out if situation and circumstances are coming
together the right way so that it's plausible that they're doing that. We have to know that sometimes
people will act out of character, because of their circumstances. Thus mindsight isn't some simple
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