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NMC469Y1 Lecture Notes - Silk Road, Hollerado, Bandar Siraf

Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course Code

of 5
Wednesday, November 23/11
Mediaeval Middle Eastern Ceramics
R. Mason
Important Places
Important regional centre on silk road
Major province on silk road
Hand grenades
Sphere-conical vessels
As early as 10th century
Those from Nishapur are before mongols (1200’s)
Carried on a little bit after mongols (none past 15th c)
Earlier ones are apple and pear shaped
People do not like calling them hand grenades
10th century pottery
Red clay bodied, white slip, slip paint lead glaze
Evidence of this kind f pottery before islam
Calligraphy is influenced from islam
Iraqi-like luster wares
Lots of luster wares in Nishapur and Samarkand
Not made in Nishapur
Persian central asian motifs (hats, animals)
Lady with apron and animals
Pagan symbolism
Islamic influence
Basra blue painted ware influence
White slip, lead glaze, manganese slip paint with green on inside
9th and 10th century
Yellow field ware/buff ware
Defined by yellow
Overall spit painted with spit paint, yellow applied as tin opacified glaze
Advanced technology from Iraq
Whole thing covered with a lead glaze
Lots of cross for filler
City obliterated by mongols
Grenades are incredible thick
Probably from Jerusalem but they are found all over
Hard and brittle
Stoneware only
Wednesday, November 23/11
Mediaeval Middle Eastern Ceramics
R. Mason
You get this in the middle east
Does not qualify as decor - gives you a grip when you’re throwing
Part of the problem is that some didn’t believe there was gunpowder that early on but the
earliest evidence corresponds with these grenades
Spiral crack from cone of impact
If it was blown up the pressue on inside wall will cause it to explode and break evenly
Shattering goes outwards, not inwards
Point of thicknss and hardness is to contain explosion
Ray 10th, early 11th century AD
Inscriptions in arabic about drinking therefore hypothesized that it was a vessel
Beer bottles don’t have a uniform appearance so this hypothesis is probably untrue
Used when we have evidence of gunpowder, stop when we have guns
Nishpaur mountain region, lots of salt
Samarkand in plains, very fine
Slip painted ware
Local design
Florated cufic unique to the area
Samarkad is more fidely that Nishapur
Manganese in slip paint, incised through slip paint
Only find incision at Samarkand
Slip incised ware - scrafiato
Redish clay body, white slip, cut through slip
Slashes in lead glaze
Slip painted
Floriated cufic calligraphy
Quality of painting is of Samarkand
Sirjan Siraf
Shale petrofabric
Slashes lead glazes
Lead in east of iran
Scrafiatto in west of iran
Central Iran
Wednesday, November 23/11
Mediaeval Middle Eastern Ceramics
R. Mason
Garru District
Sari Ware
Attributed to sari with no basis
Medallion motif like at Sirjan
10th and 11th century
Birds are a common motif with dots of white paint
Aghkand ware
Or ‘Incised outline’ style
Covered with slip incised line defines as it is lead glaze without incision it would be sloppy
Similar to Egyptian group 2 and rIn group 1 luster painted wres
Late 11th early 12th
Amul Style
Very close geographically to sari
Also called ‘green painted & incised’
Incision through slip
Red clay body
Green or brown paint with embellishment by slip incision and scribbled infilling
12th c
Garrus Ware
Slip excised
Covered with white slip, large areas carved away to reveal red body
Similar to Group One Iranian luster ware - first half of 12th century - must be coppying
Distinctive petrofrabric
Attributed with production
Rayy - important site obliterated by mongols
Kashan - inscription in pottery about where it was made
Sultanabad - later luster wares
Make vessel, put on luster paint, refire in low temp to melt glaze
Looks like here is only evidence for Kashan
Kashan petrofrabric -most made of chert
All luster wares have this petrofabric
Sometimes gives you date and sign names and some are related