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Lecture

PHILOSOPHY LECTURE OCT 1.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL100Y1
Professor
unknown
Semester
Fall

Description
October 1 , 2009 Philosophy Lecture Assignment: Find a passage and unpack it in a max of 4-5. Talk about what is going on and the th significance in the poem. DUE TUESDAY OCTOBER 20 We left off last lecture with notes on the Divided Line: see SEPT 29 This line gives us four kinds o f knowledge. Book VII The Cave 514a ff The cave is just another philosophical representation of the Divided Line. On the fair end of the wall people can see shadows cast from the fire behind them. However people thought that these shadows were real, they believe that they are the entirety of the real. One prisoner breaks free but it is not said how. When he escapes he turns around and is blinded by the fire in the cave. His eyes still have to adjust and when they do he realizes that the shadows cast on the wall are not real. The demagogues are the ones creating these shadows. To escape the cave one must climb the rocky ascent which represents Philosophical education. When he escapes the cave he is blinded by the light outside the cave. Now that he has his philosophical education he wants to return inside the cave. He returns because he feels responsible for those stuck in the cave believing in the shadows to be real. However upon his return he is seen as crazy so he must trick them into seeing the real reality. Instabilities in the justifaction for the ‘ideal city’ of Plato’s Republic Deception
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