Class Notes (837,608)
Canada (510,370)
Philosophy (1,521)
PHL100Y1 (465)
unknown (10)


6 Pages
Unlock Document


October 15 2009 Philosophy Lecture General Aspects of A’s Virtue Ethics  Rules v. Norms Rules tell you what to do in a detail fashion. Norms are not rules but things that are action guiding without there being an actual rule for it.  Conventional v. Arbitrary Conventions are arrived at through practice. They are relatively fixed. They make things interesting.  Habit v. Knowledge Being virtuous is not about acquiring more knowledge but by imitating someone who is virtuous thus learning the habits of one who is virtuous.  Practical judgment(phronesis) This is a kind of effective know how in getting things done. They know how to respond correctly to any circumstance. This is a key element in being virtuous.  Action/character Being virtuous is dynamic; it comes out of virtuous character that originates from virtuous actions. Virtue and Human Flourishing  Good = end of action (1097a15) A good is an end of an action but only applies to entities capable of acting, so not a tree for they cannot act, but we as human beings can. Acting is a discrete undertaking within the world of human possibility. A good is actually the end of a PROPER action.  Happiness is complete/self-efficient/choice worthy(1097b) Our desire to be happy does not need justification; it is an end unto itself. You can’t not want to be happy in the joy-joy sense. You want to flourish.  Human function is the soul’s activity  That activity expresses reason (ef. ‘featherless bipeds’) We have the capacity in our soul to reason. We are the reasoning political animals.  That expression is excellence (1098a)  We call that excellence virtue (arête) Goods  External (moral luck; material condition)  Internal physical  Internal psychological Cf. Solon’s warning: “Call no man happy until he is dead” In fact: Call no person happy even after he or she is dead! Virtues  Dispositions to act  Character traits (1107a)  Imitation and habit  V. Deontological (duty- or rule-based)  V. Consequentiality (results-based) CHARACTER -> ACTION -> CHARACTER -> ACTION etc. Hitting the Mean - Phronesis; deficiency and excess Deficiency Mean Excess (cowardice) courage (rashness) (feelings) temperance; self restraint un restrained (external goods) Generosity Magnificence; the virtue of throwing your money around Magnanimity; one should not become a slave to external goods Re: small honours; take honours as they come but don’t
More Less

Related notes for PHL100Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.