The Republic Book 4
- Why should we do the right, moral, just thing?
- According to Plato,through the mouthpiece of Socrates, to answer the above
-We must ask why do society's come into being?
-What principles are they based?
-How is society run?
-we build a construction of an ideal society through theory and speech and
we can begin to answer the question by examining these ideals
-Why do we live with others?
-it is easier to satisfy needs if we all live and work together; this can be
done through the division of labour
-Plato also says we live together because of the mutual satisfaction of
needs that can be accommodated much faster much more readily
-principle of specialization: each person should do only the job for which
they are best suited given social need to contribute to the welfare of
- Socrates' peers protested that not all needs are basic (food, water, shelter)
and a life worth living is more than needs, it is also wants (art, love, poetry,
music, prostitutes etc.)
- Socrates concludes that his peers do not want a healthy society, but a
-with the shift of a feverish city, you need people who will defend the
city/guardians who will protect the city from invaders or outsiders
-the problem with gu