Class Notes (806,678)
Canada (492,402)
Philosophy (1,512)
PHL100Y1 (465)
Peter King (114)

October 4, Lecture.pdf

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Peter King

REPUBLIC 4 [1] Social Virtues. Now that the ideal society has been constructed, Plato proposes an ‘elimination method’ for locating justice (427e–428a). Since the society is ideal, it must (?) contain the standard virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice. So: what are the traditional virtues as found in a society? (a) Wisdom is found in the society’s “sound judgment” about social matters as a whole, clearly the province of the rulers (428b–429a). (b) Courage is found in the capacity of a part of the city to preserve its belief about what is to be feared and what not, namely in the Auxiliaries (429a–430c). (c) Moderateness is a kind of “harmony” or “orderliness” located in the difiusion of the same opinion throughout the society about who should rule and who should be ruled (430d–432b). So: where is justice? Plato proposes that it is found in the very merit-based criterion itself, namely in assigning labour-activities on the basis of merit, in which case justice is “the possession of one’s own and the performance of one’s own task” (433e–434a). [2] Individual Virtues (434d–445e). To carry through the analogy of society and the individual, Plato argues that there are three “parts” of the soul which correspond to the three classes of society; he then identifles the virtues within each individual soul as the counterparts of the social virtues described in [1]. [3] Proof that there are three parts to the soul: [1] [The Principle of Opposites]: “It is clear that the same will not do or sufier opposites, at least with regard to the same and towards the same, at the same time.” (436b–437a) [2] Thirst is an opposite. (437b1–d7) [3] Thirst itself is for drink itself, and not for any special kind of drink. Explanation: thirst qua thirst is not for hot drink or cold drink, or much drink or little drink, or drink of any speciflc quality. (437d8–e8) (from [4]–[5] below) [4] [The Principle of Relatives]: “As to those that are such as to be of something, those that are somehow qualifled are of something qualifled, it seems to me, but those that are simply themselves are of something simply itself alone.” (438a7–b2) [5] “Thirst is one of those that are
More Less

Related notes for PHL100Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.