Class Notes (839,332)
Canada (511,273)
Philosophy (1,521)
PHL100Y1 (465)
Peter King (114)
Lecture

PHL lecture, jan. 31.doc

3 Pages
70 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL100Y1
Professor
Peter King

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
Hume: Necessary Connection and Belief • Hume’s Problem of Induction: there is no rational support for inductive inferences o Hume argues that there is no way to support the claim that the future will be like the past without begging the question o We can clarify Hume’s Problem by contrasting it with some other well- known problems with causal reasoning  (a) Finite sample problems and generalization worries;  (b) Interpreting probabilistic or statistical claims, • E.g.: There is a 90% likelihood that A will be followed by B o The usual charge is that we fail to have knowledge in such cases  However, sceptic and defender of causal reasoning alike usually grant that past instances are relevant to future prediction  Hume denies this common premise • In Enquiry V, Hume readily admits that we do have beliefs about the future, based on past experience o He even thinks we’re better off for having such beliefs, and furthermore that such beliefs are largely correct; those aren’t the point at issue.  Instead, Hume is worried about our epistemic warrant for these beliefs which is another matter altogether o Since we do not acquire these beliefs though conscious or unconscious reasoning processes, we must get them merely by habituation-through the influence of ‘custom’ A1 followed by B1  an impression-of-A1, an impression-of-B1 A2 followed by B2  an impression-of-A2, an impression-of-B2 An  an impression-of-An [The imagination moves to a belief in Bn) An+1  an impression-of-An+1 [The imagination moves to a belief in Bn+1) o The question that occupies Hume in Enquiry V-VII is: How does habituation work in this case?  That is: Given past experience of a constant conjunction between A and B, and given the present impression of an A, how do we come to have a belief in the prospective existence of B? o Hume’s strategy in these chapters is to explore the nature of belief and, once equipped with an analysis of belief, to work backwards:  He identifies the key component in the causal judgment “ A causes B” as the idea that A and B are necessarily connected  Then, by the ‘empiricist theory of meaning’ (to any legitimate idea there must be a correspond an impression in some fashion), he goes looking for the impression-of-necessary-connection • In Enquiry VII.1 Hume argues that we have no direct experience of the ‘power’ involved in necessary connection in o (a) Our experience of external objects; o (b) The mind’s power over the body;
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit