September 12, 2013
Introduction to Philosophy
• What is Philosophy?
o Basic fundamental questions & answers (ex. When is it permissible to kill another person? When can
we refer to cannibalism? How are we supposed to live?
Questions that have to do with principles.
Religious beliefs address basic fundamental questions.
Tries to give answers to the questions mostly by appeal to reason and arguments.
o Philosophy is the activity of trying to think your way down to the bottom of questions that do with the
business of living our lives.
• Appeal to Reason:
o It’s just as important to know how you got to the answer.
o Socrates questioned elder’s reason for their beliefs and points of views.
o By doing this he was charged “corrupted the youth” because he supposedly taught the youth to
disrespect the elders.
o No matter how many people believe in something doesn’t make it anymore true or right, numbers
are irrelevant to justification.
o If there are experts, pay attention to experts. If there aren’t experts or experts disagree, you try to
reason your way out.
o What make something more philos